François d'Orléans, Prince of Joinville


François-Ferdinand-Philippe-Louis-Marie d'Orléans, prince de Joinville (1818–1900), was a French naval officer, writer, and artist. He was born in Neuilly-sur-Seine, the third son of Louis-Philippe, duc d’Orléans, later king of France from 1830 to 1848. The prince de Joinville served with distinction in the Battle of Veracruz (1838), which resulted in the French capture of the city and most of the Mexican navy. He commanded the expedition of the retour des cendres (return of the ashes) that returned the body of Napoleon to France from Saint Helena (1840), and directed operations off the Moroccan coast (1844). After the fall of the monarchy in 1848, he left France for England. In 1861 he traveled to the United States to offer his support to President Abraham Lincoln. The following year he accompanied General McClellan in the Peninsular Campaign, which he documented in a book, Campagne de l'Armée du Potomac (Army of the Potomac), published in 1862. The image is from an album of mostly Civil War-era portraits by the famous American photographer Matthew Brady (circa 1823‒96) that belonged to Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (1825‒91), a collector of photography as well as a photographer himself. The album was a gift to the emperor from Edward Anthony (1818‒88), another early American photographer who, in partnership with his brother, owned a company that in the 1850s became the leading seller of photographic supplies in the United States. Dom Pedro may have acquired the album during a trip to the United States in 1876 when he, along with President Ulysses S. Grant, opened the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Brady was born in upstate New York, the son of immigrants from Ireland. Best known for his photographs documenting the battles of the American Civil War, he began his career in 1844 when he opened a daguerreotype portrait studio at the corner of Broadway and Fulton Streets in New York City. Over the course of the next several decades, Brady produced portraits of leading American public figures, many of which were published as engravings in magazines and newspapers. In 1858 he opened a branch in Washington, DC. The album, which also contains a small number of non-photographic prints, is part of the Thereza Christina Maria Collection at the National Library of Brazil. The collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II throughout his life and donated by him to the national library. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Edward Anthony, New York


Type of Item

Physical Description

1 photographic print : carte-de-visite, albumen paper ; 8.6 x 5.4 centimeters


  1. François-Ferdinand-Philippe-Louis-Marie d'Orléans, prince de Joinville, Memoirs (Vieux Souvenirs) of the Prince de Joinville (New York: Macmillan, 1895).

Last updated: January 8, 2018