South-West Arabia (The Yemen and the Aden Protectorate). Transliteration of Names


Shown here is the third edition (October 1941) of South-West Arabia (The Yemen and the Aden Protectorate), a booklet issued by the British Colonial Office. First produced in 1933, the purpose of the pamphlet was to standardize the spelling of Arabic names among the various departments and offices of the Aden Protectorate. It is divided into two parts, with Part I covering “Proper and Tribal Names,” and Part II “Place Names.” A table at the beginning provides a key to the transliteration of Arabic alphabet into Latin script, which follows a system developed by the Permanent Committee on Geographical Names and the Royal Geographical Society. This edition, published in 1941, was revised by Lieutenant Colonel M.C. (Morice Challoner) Lake, originally of the British Indian Army, who served in various military and political capacities in Aden from 1913 to 1940 and was at the time the political secretary. Lake was also the first commanding officer of the Aden Protectorate Levies (APL), a military force that he raised and organized for local defense. The British presence in what is now Yemen began in 1839, when Britain occupied this strategic area to secure the trade routes to India. The Aden Protectorate, like the Trucial States of the Persian Gulf and the tribal areas of India’s Northwest Frontier, was based on British treaty arrangements with local tribes, the first of which was concluded in 1886. Until 1917 the protectorate was administered by the government of British India, before control was transferred to the British Foreign Office. The protectorate system ended in the 1960s, when the area gained independence and became known as South Yemen. In 1990 it was united with the northern part of the country to form the Yemeni state that exists to the present.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Colonial Office, Aden


Title in Original Language

South-west Arabia (the Yemen and the Aden protectorate). Transliteration of names. Part I. Proper and tribal names. Part II. Place names

Type of Item

Physical Description

71 pages ; 21 centimeters

Last updated: February 18, 2016