Collection of Poems by Zhu Qingyu: One Juan


Zhu Qingyu (dates of birth and death unknown), a Tang poet called Kejiu who mostly used the courtesy name Qingyu, was born in Yuezhou (present-day Shaoxing, Zhejiang). During the Changqing reign of Emperor Muzong (821‒24) he went to the capital to take civil service examinations. Prior to the examinations, he visited Zhang Ji, the well-known and respected vice director of the Bureau of Waterways and Irrigation. This was an action often taken by the candidates to gain attention and recognition. In the second year (826) of the Baoli reign of Emperor Jingzong (reigned 825‒27), Zhu received the jin shi degree and was posted to the Palace Library as editor. He later became the chief musician at the court. He befriended late Tang poets, including Jia Dao and Yao He, and together they composed and exchanged poems. Zhu’s poems were collected in Quan Tang shi (Complete Tang poems) in two juan. During the Song dynasty, printing and publishing in China flourished. After the court moved to the south, numerous publishing houses were established in Hangzhou, often with variant names. The most used names included jing pu (bookstore of classics), jing fang (printing house), jing ji pu (classic bookshop), jing shu pu (classic bookshop), shu ji pu (bookshop), and wen zi pu (shop of written words). Some of these publishers were very well versed in the best poetry and prose and made friends with the literati and scholars. The most famous of such publishers and printers was the Chen family publishing house. Its first owner was Chen Qi, courtesy names Zongzhi, Zongzi, and Yancai, and style names Yunju and Chen Daoren. He was the highest-ranking graduate in provincial civil examinations during the time of Emperor Ningzong (1195‒1224) of the Southern Song; thus he was also called Provincial Candidate Chen Jieyuan. Among the books printed by Chen were works of many Tang poets, with beautiful engraving and of superb quality.

Last updated: July 12, 2017