Recovery from Diseases and Remedy for Pains


The author of Shifāʼ al-asqām wa dawāʼ al-ālām (Recovery from diseases and remedy for pains), Khidr ibn ʻAli ibn Marwan ibn ʻAli ibn Husam al-Din, is sometimes referred to as al-Qunawi, thus identifying his provenance as Konya, Turkey. He is also known as Hajji Pasha al-Aidini because of his association with the Aidinid house in Anatolia. Furthermore, in his introduction to this work, the author describes his extended stay in Egypt, where he practiced as a physician at the celebrated Maristan al-Mansuri as well as at other hospitals, thus validating the appellation al-Misri (the Egyptian) that is also used to identify him. He refers to himself as al-Khattab (the preacher), a title used for him in Islamic sources. Shifāʼ al-asqām wa dawāʼ al-ālām is divided into four chapters: Chapter one is titled Kullīyāt juzʼay al-ṭibb aʿnī ʿilmīya wa ʿamalīya (On an introduction to the theoretical and practical aspects of medicine); chapter two is called al-Aghdhīya wa al-ashriba wa al-adwīya al-mufrada wa al-murakkaba (On food and drink and medicines simple and compound); chapter three is called al-Amrāḍ al-mukhtassa bi ʻuḍw ʻuḍw min al-raʼs ilā al-qadam (On diseases specific to an organ of the body from the head to the feet); chapter four is titled al-Amrāḍ al-ʻāma allatī lā tukhtaṣ bi ʻuḍw dūn ʻuḍw (On diseases not specific to an organ of the body). Each chapter is further divided into sections. Chapter four, for example, consists of sections on fevers, swellings, sores, and other topics. Hajji Pasha dedicated Shifāʼ al-asqām wa dawāʼ al-ālām to ʻIsa ibn Muhammad ibn Aidin, the fourth ruler of the Aidinid house (reigned 1360–90). The beylik established by the Aidinids was one of several beyliks that appeared in western Anatolia and filled the power vacuum that resulted from the fall of the Seljuks of Rum in the waning years of the 13th century. The present manuscript commences at the beginning of the second part of the second chapter, Fī al-adwīya al-murakkaba (On compound medicines). It concludes near the end of the third chapter in the middle of a discussion of conditions affecting the spinal column. Hajji Pasha's nonmedical works include books on logic, philosophy, Qurʼanic exegesis, and kalam (theology).

Last updated: August 15, 2017