North America, and the West Indies; A New Map, Wherein the British Empire and its Limits, According to the Definitive Treaty of Peace, in 1763, are Accurately Described, and the Dominions Possessed by the Spaniards, the French, and Other European States
Following the 1763 Treaty of Paris, which officially marked the end of the French and Indian War, the major European colonial powers divided North America. Article VII of the 1763 treaty, prominently displayed in the lower right corner of this map, established the boundary between French and British territory on the continent as “a line drawn along the middle of the River Mississippi.” The colonial boundaries shown on this map, as determined by the treaty, reflect the legally-recognized British possession of the territory east of the Mississippi River. Earlier maps, such as A Map of the British, French, and Spanish Dominions in North America, with the Roads, Distances, Limits, and Extent of the Settlements (made by John Mitchell in 1755), had asserted such claims, but at that time they still were contested by France and Spain. This map is hand-colored, with relief shown pictorially. It includes historical notes, “Extract of the treaties of peace, proclamations &c. relative to America & the West Indies,” and two inset maps of Canada: “A particular map of Baffin and Hudson's Bay” in the upper left, and “A map of the country between Montreal, Albany and Oswego” in the lower left. The map depicts provincial boundaries, towns and cities, Indian villages and tribal territories, forts, some roads, portages, waterfalls, and some industries. It also shows coastal shoals and banks, and routes of navigation and navigational hazards in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean.
Title in Original Language
North America, and the West Indies; A New Map, Wherein the British Empire and its Limits, According to the Definitive Treaty of Peace, in 1763, are Accurately Described, and the Dominions Possessed by the Spaniards, the French, & Other European States
Type of Item
1 map ; 102 x 115 centimeters
- John R. Sellers and Patricia Molen Van Ee, compilers, Maps and Charts of North America and the West Indies, 1750-1789: A Guide to the Collections in the Library of Congress (Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1981). http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015016327986.
Last updated: March 3, 2016