Coastline from Yorktown to Boston. Advances by the Army


Côte de York-town à Boston (Coastline from Yorktown to Boston) is a manuscript map, in pen-and-ink and watercolor, created in 1782, during the American Revolutionary War. The map is oriented with north toward the upper right. It shows the route marched by the army of the Comte de Rochambeau from Providence, Rhode Island, to Yorktown, Virginia, as well as the return route and troop encampments on the way to Boston. The initial march south, from June 10 to September 30, 1781, is shown by the yellow line from Providence to Head of Elk and Annapolis, Maryland, and then along Chesapeake Bay down to Williamsburg and Yorktown (camps 1‒40). The route of the supply train is represented by the green line from “Scott’s House” southward to Williamsburg. The flanking march of Lauzun’s Legion is shown by the red line from Lebanon, Connecticut, to Philipsburg, New York. Camps on the return march follow the green line from Williamsburg to “Spurrier’s Tavern” and continue along the yellow line to Providence and on to Boston. Camps along the red line from Princeton, New Jersey, to King’s Ferry, New York, represent the flanking march of Lauzun’s Legion on the return march. The title is from a manuscript label on the verso of the map as it was originally mounted. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725‒1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780‒82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s.

Last updated: January 27, 2016