Map of Queens Village or Lloyd Neck in Queens County on the North Side of Long Island in the Province (Now State) of New York

Description

This pen-and-ink manuscript map dating from 1781 is the result of reconnaissance work carried out by American forces during the Revolutionary War and likely was drawn shortly before the start of the Yorktown campaign. The map depicts the terrain, houses, and military fortifications of a small area on the north side of Long Island, in the present-day state of New York. Now called Lloyd Harbor, the area was originally called, in 1685, Queens Village; the name Lloyd Neck was also used. The map marks ponds and bodies of water, such as Fresh Pond, Huntington Bay, Salt Meadows, and Long Island Sound. It depicts the residences of Joseph Lloyd, Henry Lloyd, John Lloyd, James Lloyd, Joseph Conkling, Cornelius Conkling, and a Mr. Denton. The map is drawn on watermarked paper and includes compass points for orientation. The scale is about 1:2,000. The British captured New York in September 1776, and to maintain their hold on Long Island, they built several fortifications, including Fort Franklin on Lloyd Neck. Fort Franklin does not appear here, but the map does identify a “fort block house built by ye enemy,” i.e., the British, as well as “an inlet where whale boats & barges may be secreted.” In the summer of 1781, General George Washington, commander of the Continental Army, considered an attack on New York, but he and the Comte de Rochambeau instead feigned preparations for an attack on the city while stealthily moving their troops to Yorktown, Virginia. There, the British under General Charles Cornwallis (1738–1805) were forced to surrender in what proved to be the climactic battle of the Revolutionary War. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725‒1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780‒82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s.

Date Created

Subject Date

Language

Title in Original Language

Map of Queens Village or Lloyd Neck in Queens County on the north side of Long Island in the Province (now State) of New York. Situated near the parallel of 41 degrees north lattitude

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 map : manuscript, pen-and-ink ; 67 x 92 centimeters

Notes

  • Scale approximately 1:2,000

References

  1. Library of Congress, Compiled by John R. Sellers and Patricia Molen Van Ee., Maps and Charts of North America And the West Indies, 1750-1789: a Guide to the Collections in the Library of Congress, Washington: Library of Congress (1981): 258, http://hdl.handle.net/2027/mdp.39015016327986

Last updated: August 10, 2017