Georgia, from the Latest Authorities
This map of Georgia first appeared in General Atlas for Carey’s Edition of Guthrie’s Geography Improved, published in Philadelphia in 1795. It shows the state of Georgia extending through the present-day states of Alabama and Mississippi. The map stretches west to the Mississippi River, south into parts of Florida, northeast to South Carolina, and north to the “Tennassee Government.” The map notes the location of Indian tribes, including the Chacataws (Choctaws), Cherokees, Creeks, Natches (Natchez), and Seminoles. The map is the first to identify Georgia’s counties. Tallahassee County, shown on the Florida border, never actually existed as an official entity, only as an Indian name. Mathew Carey (1760–1839) was an immigrant from Ireland who worked as a publisher in Philadelphia, specializing in maps, atlases, and works of geography. In 1795 he issued the first atlas published in the United States, the American Atlas. Early American publishers such as Carey were not restricted by international copyright agreements and reused European sources to print extensive atlases and geography texts. Carey combined William Guthrie’s European maps, originally published in London in 1770, with updated maps of the United States to produce Guthrie’s Geography Improved. The map was engraved by William Barker (active 1795–1803), who was chiefly a map engraver and specialized in capital script. He made numerous maps for Carey’s 1795 atlas. The map is from the Rochambeau Collection at the Library of Congress, which consists of 40 manuscript maps, 26 printed maps, and a manuscript atlas that belonged to Jean-Baptiste-Donatien de Vimeur, comte de Rochambeau (1725‒1807), commander in chief of the French expeditionary army (1780‒82) during the American Revolution. Some of the maps were used by Rochambeau during the war. Dating from 1717 to 1795, the maps cover much of eastern North America, from Newfoundland and Labrador in the north to Haiti in the south. The collection includes maps of cities, maps showing Revolutionary War battles and military campaigns, and early state maps from the 1790s.
Mathew Carey, Phladelphia
Title in Original Language
Georgia, from the latest authorities
Type of Item
1 map ; 23 x 40 centimeters
- Scale approximately 1:3,000,000
- Matthew Edney, “Mapping U.S. History in the Early Republic” (Osher Map Library, Smith Center for Cartographic Education, University of Southern Maine: 2012), http://www.oshermaps.org/exhibitions/map-commentaries/maine-us-version-best-selling-european-historical-atlas-ca1800.
- David McNeely Stauffer and Mantle Fielding, American Engravers Upon Copper and Steel: Part 1, Biographical Sketches, Illustrated (New York: Burt Franklin, 1907).
Last updated: March 3, 2016