Offering of Love on the Virtue of Invocation for the Most Honorable of Mankind


Tuḥfat al-Ḥabībiyah, published in 1938 in Peshawar, is a Pushto book about the various Islamic durood (complimentary ritual phrases), which are invoked during prayer times, and other ritual practices in praise of the Prophet Muhammad. It reviews a number of Islamic theological traditions and hadiths that discuss the benefits of invoking the verse sallū ʻalyhi wasallimū taslīmá (Ask blessings on him and salute him with a worthy salutation; Qurʼan 33:56), which is interpreted as a reference to Muhammad. These salutations are called “Salawat.” The contents include an Arabic preface (pages 3‒6), a Pushto acknowledgement section (pages 6‒7), and six chapters. Chapter 1 discusses the meaning, context, and six descriptions of verse 56 in chapter 33 of the Qur’an. Chapter 2 is about the benefits and obligations of Muslims chanting Salawat when they read or mention the name of Muhammad. Chapter 3 talks about the meaning and context of the chant Jalla Jalaluh to praise Allah. Chapter 4 discusses the value of offering Salawat on Fridays, and during the five daily Islamic prayers. Chapter 5 addresses the time and benefits of offering Salawat right before and after the five daily prayers. Chapter 6 (the longest chapter) discusses the invocation of Salawat and its other benefits, as narrated specifically in 40 hadiths (sayings of Muhammad). The author, Muhammad Amin Mahajir Pishawari, seems to have produced the book for Haji Fazl Ahad, a local bookseller and a patron. The book has an illustrated cover, and a list of contents. Many mystical and ritualistic Persian poems, such as several by Jami (on pages 7, 14, and 74) appear throughout the book in support of a particular point being made by the author. This Pushto Tuḥfat al-Ḥabībiyah should not be confused with the Persian Tuḥfat al-Ḥabīb (Gift to Habib), a history dating from the beginning of the 20th century written by the Afghan court historian, Fayz Muhammad Katib Hazarah.

Last updated: September 30, 2016