Millroy's Map of Alaska and the Klondyke Gold Fields


The Klondike Gold Rush of 1898 began in earnest within 18 months of a major gold strike on Bonanza Creek, a tributary of the Klondike River near Dawson City, Canada. A mapmaker from Salt Lake City, J.J. Millroy, created this guide to the Klondike gold fields in 1897 using government and private surveys. The map was intended for use by the many prospective miners who soon were to descend upon the Yukon from around the world. The map shows the major routes to the Klondike gold fields (in red), including the Chilkoot, Chilkat, Copper River, Yukon River, Taku River, and Stikine River Routes. The map also highlights major shipping routes and the exact mileage from San Francisco and Seattle to Juneau and to various other points in Alaska that provided the best access to the interior routes to the Klondike gold fields. The map also shows mountain ranges with elevations marked in feet, bodies of water, and significant towns and cities in Alaska and Canada. The left margin of the map contains practical information on climate, weather, and warnings on a range of regional diseases. It also enumerates the specific equipment needed for, and cost of, outfitting two men for a year in the Yukon, including the tents, blankets, clothes, and standard hardware required. Suggested additional items include many common 19th-century medicines, such as witch hazel and chlorate potash. Information is also provided on the tariffs, duties, and customs that U.S. and Canadian revenue collectors typically imposed on the prospectors at ports and border crossings.

Last updated: January 27, 2016