Chile, 1816


This hand-colored map of 1816 shows most of Chile, from its northern border to approximately 44° South. Relief is shown by hachures. An inset map depicts Isola de Tierra, the easternmost of the Juan Fernández Islands, the archipelago in the Pacific Ocean that appears at the far western edge of the map. The map has two distance scales, Spanish geographical miles and British statute miles. Yellow is used to highlight the borders of the Viceroyalty of La Plata, an administrative unit of the Spanish Empire established in 1776 out of territories previously part of the Viceroyalty of Peru (comprising all or parts of present-day Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Bolivia). The map was included in Pinkerton’s Modern Atlas, which was published in London between 1808 and 1815 and in a special American edition in 1818. John Pinkerton (1758-1826) was a Scottish scholar and author who wrote books on Scottish history and poetry, numismatics, and other topics. In 1808–14 he published the 17-volume A General Collection of the Best and Most Interesting Voyages and Travels in All Parts of the World. A six-volume edition of Pinkerton’s compilation was issued in Philadelphia in 1810–12. The map was engraved by Samuel John Neele (1758–1824), who was from an important family of British engravers who worked from offices on the Strand in London.

Last updated: April 13, 2016