General Map of the Republic of El Salvador, 1858


Maximilian von Sonnenstern was a German civil engineer who was employed for many years by the government of Nicaragua and carried out detailed surveys of the country. Sonnenstern also produced maps of other Central American countries. His Mapa general de la republica de Salvador (General map of the Republic of El Salvador), created in 1858 and published in 1859, was commissioned by Rafael Campo (1813‒90), president of El Salvador in 1856‒58. The map contains nine cross sections, showing the heights of mountains and volcanoes. An inset map depicts Nueva San Salvador, generally known today as Santa Tecla, which was founded in 1854 and briefly served as the national capital when San Salvador (located 11 kilometers to the northeast) was devastated by an earthquake. The map shows international borders with Guatemala and Honduras, department borders, cities and towns, rivers, roads, planned railroad lines, mines, mills, and the Pacific Ocean. Relief is shown by hachures. Two distance scales are given: Castilian leagues and English miles (one Castilian league = 4.18 kilometers; one mile = 1.61 kilometers).

Last updated: April 13, 2016