Guide to Troop Movements: 6 Juan. Surveying and Mapping Troop Movements: 10 Juan. 1 Preliminary Juan


This copy contains two works: Xing jun zhi yao (Guide to troop movements) and Xing jun ce hui (Surveying and mapping troop movements). The first work has six juan. In the heading of Juan 1 are the title and the names of persons responsible for the work: “Xing jun zhi yao, compiled by Hami of England; translated orally by Jin Kaili [Carl Traugott Kreyer, 1839−1914]; recorded by Zhao Yuanyi (1840−1902) of Xinyang.” The four-character title, Xing jun zhi yao, written in standard script, also appears on the title page. On the verso of the title page is a label that reads: “printed in the Xinchou year of Guangxu by Shanghai Bureau of Machine Manufacture.” The General Bureau of Machine Manufacture of Jiangnan, also known as Jiangnan Bureau of Machine Manufacture, Jiangnan General Bureau of Machine Manufacture, Shanghai Bureau of Machine Manufacture, or Shanghai Arsenal, was established during the Self-Strengthening Movement of the Qing and was the most important Chinese arsenal in the late Qing dynasty. The Xinchou year was the 27th year of the Guangxu reign (1901). At the end of each juan is the illustrator’s name, Cao Zhongxiu of Shanghai. The second edition is shown here. At the beginning is the preface to the second edition dated May 1869 added by Hami, a British Army lieutenant, and the original postscript is included at the end. Each juan contains text and illustrations. Attached at the end are 18 folded maps and battle formations, not presented here. After the first edition of this work, the Austro-Prussian War of 1866 broke out, in which new military tactics were used. In this second revised edition, Jie 5 of Juan 6 was rewritten to reflect developments in the recent war. The work contains detailed explanations relating to the transport of troops and materials by road, troop movements, and telegraphs. A new section on breechloaders was added. The work also discusses how to maximize strength in military affairs while minimizing costs. At the heading of Juan 1 of the second work, the title and responsible persons are listed: “Xing jun ce hui, compiled by Lianti [Auguste Frédéric Lendy]; orally translated by Fu Lanya [John Fryer]; recorded by Zhao Yuanyi of Xinyang.” It has ten juan, in two volumes. The title page has the four-character title, Xing jun ce hui, written in regular script. On the verso of the title page is the inscription: “printed by Jiangnan Bureau of Machine Manufacture.” At the end of each juan an inscription provides the name of the illustrator, Zhao Hong of Yanghu, and that of the editor, Shen Shanzheng of Tong Xiang. This work contains sections on definitions (10 entries), methods of drawing pictures of moving troops, terrestrial triangles, surveying methods, use of direction-finding compasses, plane table methods, use of the sextant, ways of measuring height, site surveying, draft drawings of moving troops, and a simple method of measuring large surfaces. Attached at the end are illustrations of methods to survey and measure troop movements. The preface, table of contents, and Juan 1−3 of the first work are presented here.

Last updated: April 14, 2016