History of the Métis Nation in Western Canada


Histoire de la nation métisse dans l'Ouest canadien (History of the Métis nation in western Canada) presents the history of a people, born out of a unique cultural mix and a fierce fight for survival. Canada’s Métis people developed as the mixed-race descendants of Native American women and European colonists who traveled to Canada from France, and later from Britain, to explore and to trade. The Europeans were eager to tap into the wealth of the great Canadian West, and much of the work focuses on the tensions caused by the frantic expansion of the whites to the west and the integration of the prairie provinces into the Canadian confederation. These tensions led to the uprisings organized by Métis rebel Louis Riel (1844–85), who later became one of the founders of modern Canada. The book is in three parts, plus a conclusion. Part one covers the formation of the Métis nation out of white and Indian elements. Part two deals with the life and history of the Métis nation. Part three is much the longest, and covers the “martyrdom” of the Métis nation in the insurrection of 1885. The author, Auguste-Henri de Trémaudan (1874–1929), was a Canadian lawyer, journalist, editor, and man of letters who produced biographies, histories, and works on Canadian historical subjects. He died before he could complete this work. The Union Nationale Métisse Saint-Joseph du Manitoba wrote a final chapter based on notes and drafts left by Trémaudan, which is published as an appendix. The book contains an extensive bibliography.

Date Created

Publication Information

Albert Lévesque, Montréal


Title in Original Language

Histoire de la nation métisse dans l'Ouest canadien

Type of Item

Physical Description

448 pages ; 21 centimeters


  1. Michel Verrette, “Trémaudan, Auguste-Henri de,” Dictionary of Canadian National Biography. http://www.biographi.ca/en/bio/tremaudan_auguste_henri_de_15E.html.

Last updated: March 30, 2016