Maple Sugar and Cooperation


Produced by the Producteurs de sucre d'érable du Québec (Maple Sugar Producers of Quebec) and directed by Father Maurice Proulx (1902–88), this 1955 film features the history of the organization and its new techniques for maple syrup production, from scientific standardization in laboratories to advanced wrapping and packaging. Proulx, trained in agronomy before becoming a filmmaker, made 36 films for industry and the provincial government between 1934 and 1961. The film begins with the tapping and collecting of the maple sap in the springtime. It explains how Quebec’s independent maple sugar producers formed a cooperative, known as Citadelle, in 1920 in order to improve product quality, stabilize the maple sugar market, and increase sales. The short film was recorded by sound engineer Jack Burman and narrated by Jean-Paul Nolet. Nolet describes how production at the factory at Plessisville, Quebec, moves through the processes of evaporation, classification, and certification of the maple sugar. Proulx then shows how the cooperative makes an array of products, including maple syrup, maple sugar, maple butter, and maple candy or taffy. In 1996, the Maple Sugar Producers of Quebec changed their name to the Citadelle Maple Sugar Producers’ Cooperative. An award-winning maple-syrup producer, Citadelle still exists today and includes more than 3,500 members.

Date Created

Subject Date


Title in Original Language

Sucre d'érable et coopération

Type of Item


  1. Peter Morris, "Maurice Proulx," The Canadian Encyclopedia (Edmonton: Historica Canada, 1985− ), article published December 5, 2007.
  2. “Sucre d'érable et coopération [1955],” Screenculture, Canadian Educational, Sponsored, and Industrial Film (CESIF) Project.

Last updated: January 8, 2018