One Hundred Aspects of the Moon: The Moon Glimmers like Bright Snow/ And Plum Blossoms Appear like Reflected Stars/ Ah! The Golden Mirror of the Moon Passes Overhead/ As Fragrance from the Jade Chamber Fills the Garden - Sugawara no Michizane


This print is from Tsuki hyakushi (One hundred aspects of the moon), a collection of 100 large, moon-themed nishiki-e (multicolored woodblock prints) by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1839−92). The prints were published in batches by Akiyama Buemon between 1885 and 1892. They depict various aspects of the moon, drawing upon Japanese and Chinese anecdotes, historical events, and mythology, and relate to a wide range of subjects, including famous warriors, notable women, birds and animals, and goblins and ghosts. The print is contained in a folding book consisting of all 100 prints from Tsuki hyakushi and two indexes that were created after the series was completed. It is believed to have been bound by its former owner. A preface that was written at the same time as the indexes were compiled is not included in the book. Scholars believe that the order of the pictures in the album does not follow the order in which they were published, but instead their order in the indexes, although there are some variations. Tsukioka Yoshitoshi was an ukiyo-e artist from the school of Utagawa Kuniyoshi (1797–1861), active from the Bakumatsu (final years of the Shogunate) into the Meiji Period. He created a wide range of works, including bijin-ga (pictures of beautiful women), fuzoku-ga (pictures of manners and customs), and pictures of historical and literary characters. Completed in the year that he died, this series is highly regarded as the masterpiece of his later years.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Akiyama Buemon, Tokyo, Japan


Title in Original Language

月百姿 月輝如晴雪 梅花似照星 可憐金鏡転 庭上玉房馨 菅原道真

Type of Item


  1. John Stevenson, Yoshitoshi's One Hundred Aspects of the Moon (Leiden: Hotei Publishing, 2001).
  2. Iwakiri Yuriko, Yoshitoshi Tuki Hyakushi (Tokyo: Tokyodo Shuppan, 2010).

Last updated: January 8, 2018