Destruction of the Austrian Squad by Shrapnel Fire During the Capture of the Kyrle Baba Pass in the Carpathian Mountains


This print showing a battle scene with explosions is from the collection of World War I lubok posters held at the British Library. The caption explains: “As soon as it was detected by us, the Austrian battery using heavy artillery against Tarnow was silenced by our artillery with shrapnel fire. In Bukovina our advanced units captured the Kyrle Baba Pass, in a battle located on the border with Transylvania and on the highway leading from Cîmpulung to Sighetu Marmaţiei and Dej [present-day Romania].” This picture, like many others in the collection, was printed in the Moscow printing house of Ivan Sytin (1851–1934). By the 1880s, Sytin was the most popular and successful publisher of lubok pictures in Russia. He also published cheap popular books for workers and peasants, textbooks, and literature for children. The quality of this print is much better than many images from other printing houses—more colors and shades are neatly matched and more small details are available for the viewer. Lubok is a Russian word for popular prints created from woodcuts, engravings, etchings, or later, by using lithography. The prints were often characterized by simple, colorful graphics depicting a narrative, and could also include text. During World War I, lubok informed Russians about events on the frontlines, bolstered morale, and served as propaganda against enemy combatants.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

I. M. Mashistov Prinitng and Lithography Partnership, Moscow


Title in Original Language

Истребление австрииского отряда шрапнельным огнем при взятии перевала Кирли-Баба в Карпатах

Type of Item

Last updated: July 23, 2015