The Russian-Austrian War. The Battle at Lashov


This print showing the battle at Lashov (present-day Łaszczów, Poland) is from the collection of World War I lubok posters held at the British Library. The caption explains, in the words of an August 20, 1914 communiqué from the headquarters of the commander in chief, Saint Petersburg: “The 15th Austrian division is completely defeated at Lashov. The Commander of the Division, Brigade Commander, and the Chief of Staff are killed. One hundred officers, 4,000 soldiers, 600 wounded, the flag of the 65th regiment and 20 guns were captured. The field is covered with the dead.” Lubok is a Russian word for popular prints created from woodcuts, engravings, etchings, or later, by using lithography. The prints were often characterized by simple, colorful graphics depicting a narrative, and could also include text. Lubok gained popularity in Russia beginning in the late 17th century. The prints, which often depicted narratives from a historical event, literature, or a religious tale, were used to make such stories accessible to illiterate people. These expressive prints had a wide range in tone, from humorous to instructive to sharp political and social commentary. The images were clear and easy to understand, and some of the pictures were serialized, predecessors of the modern comic strip. Prints could be reproduced inexpensively, and were thus a way for the masses to display art at home. Initially, this artistic style was not taken seriously by the upper classes, but by the end of the 19th century, lubok was so well-regarded that it inspired professional artists. During World War I, lubok informed Russians about events on the frontlines, bolstered morale, and served as propaganda against enemy combatants.

Last updated: June 9, 2015