Commodore Andrew Hull Foote


Andrew Hull Foote (1806–63) was a Union naval officer in the American Civil War. Born in New Haven, Connecticut, he attended the United States Military Academy at West Point but left in 1822 to serve in the United States Navy. Foote was a dedicated advocate of temperance and was a key figure in the elimination of the naval spirit ration. In February 1862, he led a successful attack on Fort Henry on the Tennessee River and was wounded in an attack several days later on Fort Donelson. Foote was promoted to rear admiral later in 1862 and assigned to relieve Rear Admiral Samuel Du Pont as commander of the South Atlantic Blockading Squadron in Charleston. While preparing for his new command, he was stricken with Bright’s disease and died. The image is from an album of mostly Civil War-era portraits by the famous American photographer Matthew Brady (circa 1823‒96) that belonged to Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (1825‒91), a collector of photography as well as a photographer himself. The album was a gift to the emperor from Edward Anthony (1818‒88), another early American photographer who, in partnership with his brother, owned a company that in the 1850s became the leading seller of photographic supplies in the United States. Dom Pedro may have acquired the album during a trip to the United States in 1876 when he, along with President Ulysses S. Grant, opened the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Brady was born in upstate New York, the son of immigrants from Ireland. Best known for his photographs documenting the battles of the American Civil War, he began his career in 1844 when he opened a daguerreotype portrait studio at the corner of Broadway and Fulton Streets in New York City. Over the course of the next several decades, Brady produced portraits of leading American public figures, many of which were published as engravings in magazines and newspapers. In 1858 he opened a branch in Washington, DC. The album, which also contains a small number of non-photographic prints, is part of the Thereza Christina Maria Collection at the National Library of Brazil. The collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II throughout his life and donated by him to the national library. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Edward Anthony, New York


Title in Original Language

Commodore Foote

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 photographic print : carte-de-visite, albumen paper ; 8.4 x 5.4 centimeters


  1. Spencer C. Tucker, “Foote, Andrew Hull,” in American Civil War: The Definitive Encyclopedia and Document Collection (Santa Barbara, C.A.: ABC-CLIO, 2013).

Last updated: March 22, 2016