Commodore Theodorus Bailey


Theodorus Bailey (1805–77) was a Union naval officer in the American Civil War. He was born in Chateaugay, New York, and joined the navy as a midshipman at age 13. His early service included two circumnavigations of the globe by the age of 31. Bailey received his first command during the Mexican War (1846‒48). At the outbreak of the Civil War in April 1861, Captain Bailey was assigned a command in the Gulf Blockading Squadron. In April 1862, he was promoted to second-in-command of the West Gulf Coast Blockading Squadron, where he served under Flag Officer David G. Farragut in the capture of New Orleans. Three months later, he was commissioned commodore and given command of the East Gulf Coast Blockading Squadron guarding the Florida coast. His forces captured 150 ships and attacked many Confederate ports. At the end of the war he was assigned to the Portsmouth Navy Yard and commissioned a rear admiral. The image is from an album of mostly Civil War-era portraits by the famous American photographer Matthew Brady (circa 1823‒96) that belonged to Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (1825‒91), a collector of photography as well as a photographer himself. The album was a gift to the emperor from Edward Anthony (1818‒88), another early American photographer who, in partnership with his brother, owned a company that in the 1850s became the leading seller of photographic supplies in the United States. Dom Pedro may have acquired the album during a trip to the United States in 1876 when he, along with President Ulysses S. Grant, opened the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia. Brady was born in upstate New York, the son of immigrants from Ireland. Best known for his photographs documenting the battles of the American Civil War, he began his career in 1844 when he opened a daguerreotype portrait studio at the corner of Broadway and Fulton Streets in New York City. Over the course of the next several decades, Brady produced portraits of leading American public figures, many of which were published as engravings in magazines and newspapers. In 1858 he opened a branch in Washington, DC. The album, which also contains a small number of non-photographic prints, is part of the Thereza Christina Maria Collection at the National Library of Brazil. The collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II throughout his life and donated by him to the national library. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America.

Last updated: January 8, 2018