Verbatim Record of “The Analects of Confucius”


This work is a two-volume compilation of the transcripts of lectures about the Analects of Confucius given by Kiyohara Naritada (1409−67). The Kiyohara family was one of the families that lectured exclusively on Confucianism in Japan’s higher institutes of education from the middle of the Heian period (794−1185). Famous as the foremost Confucianist of the time, he lectured emperors, shoguns, noblemen, and priests. This is a valuable document that conveys the depth of his learning. The lectures were transcribed by Tenʼin Ryūtaku (1422−1500), a Zen priest who was also a talented poet known for his kanshi (poerty written in Chinese). Shown here is a duplicate copy of the version owned by Kiyohara Nobukata (1475−1550), the grandson of Kiyohara Naritada. This type of lecture notes is called shōmono. The notes contain many colloquial expressions and are therefore a valuable research resource for the study of the Japanese language of the time.

Last updated: January 8, 2018