National Exposition 1866: Throne Room


The Thereza Christina Maria collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II (1825-91) throughout his life and donated by him to the National Library of Brazil. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America. In 1866, Rio de Janeiro hosted the National Exposition, which took place in a palace that today houses the National Archives. The Exposition was visited by 52,824 persons, including Emperor Pedro II, who visited the exhibits several times and attended the closing ceremony. The photographers Antonio Araujo de Souza Lobo and Antonio Barboza de Oliveira documented the National Exposition, later exhibiting their pictures under the title “Memories of the National Exposition of 1866.”

Last updated: May 24, 2017