This document is a fragment of an antiphonary of unknown provenance, dating from the 12th century. It is written in Caroline minuscule. The initial letter “S” is an example of Romanesque codex painting. The scribe and the illuminator are unknown. The script is stylized into a band of palmette decoration. It is difficult to determine precisely the  historical context of the fragment, which could either have been produced in the Rhineland (Cologne) or the Danube River valley (Salzburg). The musical notation represents the German neume notation of the Salzburg circle. The fragment was preserved in the book binding of an early 17th century volume of philosophical and medical content from the Piarist library in Podolínec in northern Slovakia. It is now in the collections of the Slovak National Library.

Last updated: August 28, 2015