Milestones of the Divine Revelation


Al-Ḥusayn ibn Masʻūd al-Baghawī (circa 1044−circa 1117), nicknamed muḥyī al-sunnah (Reviver of the Prophet’s traditions), was a Shāfiʻi scholar and Qurʼan exegete. He was born, and possibly died, in Bagh or Baghshor, an old town that was located in Khorasan between the ancient cities of Herat (in present-day Afghanistan) and Merv (near present-day Mary, Turkmenistan). Preserved in this manuscript copy is the second and last part of al-Baghawī’s maʻālim al-tanzīl (Milestones of the divine revelation), an exegesis of the Holy Qurʼan. The manuscript starts with al-kahf (The cave), the 18th surah (chapter), and goes on to include the remainder of the Muslim Holy Book, with its 114 chapters. The main text is inscribed in frames of gold, green, and red lines. All the verses are written and voweled in red ink, in the same lines with the exegesis, which follows in black. There is minimal text on the margins, with the exception of catchwords and rubricated text indicating the beginnings of the sections. The manuscript, copied by [illegible] Ibn ʿAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn Ismāʿil in 1110 AH (1699), was owned by a Muḥammad ibn Sālim ibn 'Āmir al-Ṭawqī as recently as 1946.

Last updated: August 26, 2015