General Map of Kherson Province: Showing Postal and Major Roads, Stations and the Distance in Versts between Them


This 1821 map of Kherson Province is from a larger work, Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of the 19th century. The map shows population centers (six gradations by size), postal stations, roads (four types), provincial and district borders, monasteries, factories, taverns, and customs houses. Distances are shown in versts, a Russian measure, now no longer used, equal to 1.07 kilometers. Legends and place-names are in Russian and French. The territory depicted on the map corresponds to present-day southern Ukraine. Kherson Province took its name from an ancient Greek colony on Crimea named Chersonesus. The Greeks established many towns along the northern coast of the Black Sea around the sixth century BC, near Scythian and Sarmatian cultures to the north and east in present-day southern Ukraine and Russia. The region was subsequently populated by different migrating peoples, including Goths, Huns, Avars, Bolgars, and Khazars. Centuries later this area on the southern borderlands of Russia was controlled by Ottoman Turkey. Catherine the Great conquered much of this region by the late 18th century, and created the province of Novorossiya (New Russia) there in 1764. Kherson Province was carved out of the western part of this region in 1802.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Military Topographical Depot, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Title in Original Language

Генеральная Карта Херсонской Губернiи Съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными верстъ

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 map ; 40 x 38 centimeters


  • Scale 1:1,050,000

Last updated: October 30, 2015