General Map of Kostroma Province: Showing Postal and Major Roads, Stations and the Distance in Versts between Them


This 1822 map of Kostroma Province is from a larger work, Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of the 19th century. The map shows population centers (six gradations by size), postal stations, roads (four types), provincial and district borders, monasteries, and factories. Distances are shown in versts, a Russian measure, now no longer used, equal to 1.07 kilometers. Legends and place-names are in Russian and French. Kostroma was founded in the 12th century, on a prime location along the Volga River. After withstanding Mongol raids, Kostroma became a refuge in the northern forests for Russian princes seeking to escape the Golden Horde. The city benefited from its location on the main trade route between Moscow and Arkhangelsk on the White Sea (and from there by ship to Western Europe), and grew in wealth and importance over the centuries. Kostroma later became famous for its Ipatiev Monastery, founded around 1330 by a princely Tatar ancestor of Tsar Boris Godunov, who rebuilt it in stone in the early 17th century. The Romanov family also came from the Kostroma region. It was from the Ipatiev Monastery that Mikhail Romanov was summoned to be the tsar of Muscovy in 1613, following a Polish invasion and the Time of Troubles. The town was famously redesigned in a radial pattern by Catherine the Great and her urban planners in the late 18th century. Tsar Nicholas II visited Kostroma in 1913 to commemorate the origins of the Romanov family dynasty amidst the tercentenary celebrations of the Romanov tsars.

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Subject Date

Publication Information

Military Topographical Depot, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Title in Original Language

Генеральная Карта Костромской Губернiи Съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными верстъ

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Type of Item

Physical Description

1 map ; 40 x 38 centimeters


  • Scale 1:1,470,000

Last updated: October 30, 2015