General Map of Orenburg Province: Showing Postal and Major Roads, Stations and the Distance in Versts between Them


This 1824 map of Orenburg Province is from a larger work, Geograficheskii atlas Rossiiskoi imperii, tsarstva Pol'skogo i velikogo kniazhestva Finliandskogo (Geographical atlas of the Russian Empire, the Kingdom of Poland, and the Grand Duchy of Finland), containing 60 maps of the Russian Empire. Compiled and engraved by Colonel V.P. Piadyshev, it reflects the detailed mapping carried out by Russian military cartographers in the first quarter of the 19th century. The map shows population centers (six gradations by size), postal stations, roads (four types), borders with foreign lands, provincial and district borders, monasteries, factories, outposts, forts, and redoubts. Distances are shown in versts, a Russian measure, now no longer used, equal to 1.07 kilometers. Legends and place-names are in Russian and French. Orenburg was established in the early 18th century, and became an important center for the Ural Cossacks on the Imperial Russian frontier. It served as a staging ground for transcontinental expeditions into Central Asia and Siberia. The region endured the ravages of the Pugachev Rebellion in the era of Catherine the Great in 1773−74. Orenburg later served as a major railroad junction, and became a commercial and transport link to Central Asia and other points east.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Military Topographical Depot, Saint Petersburg, Russia

Title in Original Language

Генеральная Карта Оренбургской Губернiи Съ показанiемъ почтовыхъ и большихъ проѣзжихъ дорогъ, станцiй и разстоянiя между оными верстъ

Additional Subjects

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 map ; 40 x 38 centimeters


  • Scale 1:2,940,000

Last updated: October 30, 2015