Art and Vocabulary in the Common Language of Peru Called Quechua and in the Spanish Language: The Most Extensive and Elegant as of the Present


Arte, y vocabulario enla lengua general del Peru llamada Quichua, y en la lengua Española. El mas copioso y elegante, que hasta agora se ha impresso (Art and vocabulary in the common language of Peru called Quechua and in the Spanish Language: The most extensive and elegant as of the present) was published in Lima, Peru, in 1614. The book provides an extensive overview of Quechua, the predominant language spoken by the Inca people, with an introduction covering pronunciation and grammar, followed by a dictionary of Quechua words with their Spanish equivalents. The first printing press in South America was established in Lima by Antonio Ricardo (circa 1540−1606), an Italian who had worked for a time as a printer with the Jesuits in Mexico City. This book is part of a collection of 39 first editions in the National Library of Peru, produced at the press between 1584 and 1619. The collection was inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World Register in 2013. In Latin, Spanish, and several Amerindian languages, these books are an important part of the record of the encounter between two worlds: the Amerindian civilization of the Incas and the European culture represented by the Spanish conquistadors. They are important sources for the study of the dissemination of ideas in the Spanish Empire, including the evangelization process and the diffusion of Catholicism on the one hand and the debate over the indigenous peoples and their condition as human beings on the other. Several of the books provide insights into the political, cultural, and social organization of the vanquished Inca civilization, as well as a record of the Quechua and Aymara languages spoken by the Incas.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Francisco del Canto, Lima, Peru

Title in Original Language

Arte, y vocabvlario enla lengva general del Perv llamada Quichua, y en la lengua Eʃpañola. El mas copioso y elegante, que haʃta agora ʃe ha impreʃʃo

Type of Item

Physical Description

58 x 35 centimeters

Last updated: January 18, 2018