Itamaraty Waterfall


The Thereza Christina Maria collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II (1825-91) throughout his life and donated by him to the National Library of Brazil. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America. This photograph shows the Cascata do Itamaraty (Itamaraty Waterfall) on the Piabanha River near Petrópolis. The waterfall still exists, but is known today as the Cascata de Bulhões. Most of its water is piped under the Rua Hermogênio Silva in the center of the city. This photograph is one of a series taken in the late 1860s by Pedro Hees, considered by many to be the father of Brazilian photography, showing the important sites of Petrópolis, a popular summer holiday spot for Brazil’s wealthy, located in the hills outside Rio de Janeiro.

Last updated: May 24, 2017