Imperial Palace and Surroundings


The Thereza Christina Maria collection is composed of 21,742 photos assembled by Emperor Pedro II (1825-91) throughout his life and donated by him to the National Library of Brazil. The collection covers a wide variety of subjects. It documents the achievements of Brazil and Brazilians in the 19th century and also includes many photographs of Europe, Africa, and North America. The Summer Palace was a favorite residence of Pedro II, who initiated its construction in the Rio de Janeiro suburb of Petrópolis in 1845. In 1943, the Summer Palace became the home of the Imperial Museum of Brazil. In 1959, the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Sites (IPHAN) made it a National Trust property. This photograph is one of a series taken in the late 1860s by Pedro Hees, considered by many to be the father of Brazilian photography, showing the important sites of Petrópolis, a popular summer holiday spot for Brazil’s wealthy, located in the hills outside Rio de Janeiro.

Last updated: May 24, 2017