California or New Carolina: Place of Apostolic Works of Society of Jesus at the Septentrional America


Nicholas de Fer (1646-1720) was a French cartographer and publisher of atlases. This hand-colored map by de Fer from 1720 is actually a pirated copy of a manuscript map of 1696 by Father Eusebio Kino (1645-1711). Kino was an Italian-born Jesuit priest who was trained as a cartographer. Best known for his work in establishing missions and in defending the rights of Indians, he also made important geographic discoveries. In the 1680s and 1690s he explored Pimería Alta in present-day southern Arizona and northern Mexico. His explorations of Baja California and the Colorado River eventually led him to conclude definitively that California was not an island – a discovery not yet reflected in de Fer’s later map.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Nicolas de Fer, Geographe de sa Majesté Catolique, Paris


Title in Original Language

La Californie ou Nouvelle Caroline : teatro de los trabajos, Apostolicos de la Compa. e Jesus en la America Septe

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 hand colored engraved map ; 45 x 66 centimeters


  • Scale approximately 1:6,500,000

Last updated: May 24, 2017