The Highlands of Iran Including the States of Persia, Afghanistan, and Baluchistan


This hand-colored map of 1846 shows the Iranian Plateau, a geographical and geological formation encompassing parts of Persia (present-day Iran), Afghanistan, and Baluchistan (in present-day Iran and Pakistan). The map shows cities of different sizes, provinces and provincial capitals, caravan routes, fortresses, ruins, and rivers, mountains, and other geographic features. Three distance scales are provided: English miles, German miles, and Persian farsangs (also seen as parasangs and fursakhs). The map is by the German cartographer Carl Ferdinand Weiland (1782−1847) and was published in Allgemeiner Hand-Atlas der Erde und des Himmels nach den besten astronomischen Bestimmungen, neuesten Entdeckungen und kritischen Untersuchungen entworfen (General atlas of the Earth and skies, drawn according to the best astronomical determinations, latest discoveries, and critical investigations) issued by the Geographical Institute of Weimar. Founded in 1804, the institute was an important publisher of maps, globes, and statistical yearbooks that was known for the high quality of its products. Among the German geographers and cartographers associated with the institute were Weiland, Adam Christian Gaspari, and Heinrich Kiepert.

Last updated: January 8, 2018