Commercial Law of Egypt


This volume, Qanun al-Tijarah (Commercial law of Egypt), contains two printed works, the commercial and the maritime codes of Egypt. The two documents are extracted from a more comprehensive but unidentified work, possibly covering civil procedure and the criminal code. Each title is preceded by the order of Egyptian ruler Khedive Muhammad Tawfīq authorizing publication and implementation of the law. The first title, Commercial Code, includes definitions of terms and focuses on debt and bankruptcy. The second title, Maritime Code, covers ships operating under the Ottoman flag and the rights and duties of ship owners, officers, crew members, and passengers. Also included are provisions for required documents, insurance, and leasing. The laws came into effect in 1883 and were printed the same year at the Bulaq Press, the Egyptian government’s publishing arm. Egyptian law, like imperial Ottoman law, was based on European, mainly French, models. It was applied by the so-called Mixed Courts in the context of increasing internationalization of trade and under the influence of the Great Powers. The codes promulgated here remained in effect until a further legislative revolution occurred in the 1940s. Codified laws such as these operated concurrently with Islamic law governing personal matters, such as marriage and inheritance.

Date Created

Subject Date

Publication Information

Bulaq Press, Cairo


Title in Original Language

قانون التجارة

Type of Item

Physical Description

72 pages ; 21 centimeters


  1. David D. Peck, “Mixed Courts of Egypt,” in Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008).
  2. Muhammad Salih, Sharh al-Qanun al-Tijari al-Misri (Commentary on Egyptian commercial law) (Cairo: Nuri and Sons, 1938),

Last updated: May 11, 2015