Nikola Ikonomov (1820‒97) was a school teacher and literary figure in Bulgaria. He published poetry in the important Bulgarian newspaper Tsarigradski vestnik (Constantinople herald) and was the author of the first book in Bulgarian on agriculture, Zemledelie (Agriculture). The book was used as a textbook on the subject. Bulgaria was primarily an agricultural nation until well into the 20th century, but at the time the book was published, in 1853, no formal education in agriculture was available in the country. Published by the Royal Serbian Governmental Publishing House in Belgrade, Serbia, the book was printed in the Church Slavic script. It contains a table of contents, a foreword by N.I. Deliormanskii, a list of the subscribers, and the main body of the text. The book is illustrated and includes a number of tables. Ikonomov is erroneously identified on the title page as “Ikonomovich.” The epigraph is a verse from the Bible, Genesis 3:19: “In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.” The copy of Zemledelie presented here is from the library of Nikola Nachov (1859‒1940), an important Bulgarian literary figure.

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Royal Serbian Publishing House, Belgrade


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122 pages : illustrations, tables ; 15 centimeters

Last updated: September 29, 2017