Map of the Amur Country with Evidence of Surveys, Routes and Schedules, Produceed from 1850 to 1860


This map depicts the southern part of the Russian Far East, including the Amur River region and Sakhalin Island. It shows the routes of the expeditions undertaken by the Russian government in this region in 1850-60, each marked by a different color identified in the legend at the lower left. In this period, Russia conducted rigorous and extensive explorations of the Far East to create maps, gain knowledge about mineral deposits, and demarcate the border with China. The expedition led by Gennadii Nevelskoi made some of the most important discoveries, including confirming that the Amur was navigable along its entire length and that Sakhalin is an island. In August 1850, Nevelskoi founded Nikolaevskii Post (present-day Nikolaevsk-on-Amur) at the head of the Amur River estuary as an outpost on the Pacific. As depicted on the map, the strait between the mainland and Sakhalin Island was named after Nevelskoi (present-day Strait of Tartary). The Amur is the longest river in the Russian Far East and defines the border between Russia and northeastern China.

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Title in Original Language

Karta Amurskoi Strany s Pokazaniem S"emok, Marshrutov i Opisei, Proizvedennykh s 1850 po 1860 god.

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Physical Description

1 hand colored map, 38 x 44 centimeters, on sheet 43 x 56 centimeters


  • Scale 1:4,200,000

Last updated: May 28, 2015