Middle East Countries: Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Jordan, Saudi-Arabia


This map of the Middle East, originally published in August 1950 and revised in February 1955, was issued by the Aeronautical Chart and Information Center, Air Photographic and Charting Service, Military Air Transportation Service (MATS), of the United States Air Force. In addition to Syria, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Jordan, and Saudi Arabia, it shows the eastern parts of Egypt and the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium of Sudan as well as parts of Eritrea and Ethiopia. Many borders on the map, particularly on the Arabian Peninsula, are shown as still undetermined. Territories shown on the map as still under colonial administration include the Aden Protectorate, French Somaliland (present-day Djibouti), British Somaliland (present-day Somalia), and Italian Somaliland (present-day Somalia). The armistice lines between Israel and Egypt, Jordan, and Syria reflect those established after the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. During the Cold War, the U.S. Air Force viewed the Middle East primarily through the prism of global military rivalry with the Soviet Union. It operated several installations in or near the region, notably Wheelus Air Base in Libya from 1948 to 1970, and Dhahran Airfield in Saudi Arabia from 1945 to 1962.

Last updated: May 27, 2015