The Near East


This 1952 map by the Army Map Service of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers provides a broad overview of the Near East, the geographic region traditionally thought of as encompassing the countries of southwest Asia, including Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Israel, and Jordan, and the countries of the Arabian Peninsula. In addition to political borders, the map shows lakes, rivers, and other bodies of water, marshlands, cities by population, pipelines, railroads, and pumping stations. Above the key is a glossary of topographic terms with transliterations and translations into English. An inset map on the bottom left displays the cities of the Nile River delta, along with its natural and man-made topography. The map shows the region as it appeared before the many important political changes that were to occur in the 1950s and the 1960s. These included independence for Sudan (at this time still Anglo-Egyptian Sudan), withdrawal of the British from the Colony of Aden and the creation of the Republic of South Yemen (later merged with North Yemen to form the Republic of Yemen), and the achievement of full independence from the United Kingdom of the Gulf states of Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates.

Last updated: January 8, 2016