Views of Great Tibet


These handwritten notes accompany a collection of 50 photographs of central Tibet acquired from the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in Saint Petersburg by the American Geographical Society on August 2, 1904. The photographs in this collection were taken by two Mongolian Buddhist lamas, G.Ts. Tsybikov and Ovshe (O.M.) Norzunov, who visited Tibet in 1900 and 1901. The notes were written in Russian for the Imperial Russian Geographical Society by Tsybikov, Norzunov, and other Mongolians familiar with central Tibet. Alexander Grigoriev, corresponding member of the American Geographical Society, translated the notes from Russian into English in April 1904.

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12 pages : handwritten ; 14 x 9 inches


  1. Harrison Forman, G.Ts. Tsybikov, Ovshe Norzunoff [Norzunov], Tibet from the collections of the American Geographical Society Library. (Milwaukee: University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries, 2008).
  2. Valrae Reynolds, “The ‘great game’ in Tibet: early twentieth century photographs by Russian, British and American travelers,” in Arts of Asia, vol. 29, no. 6 (1999).
  3. G.Ts. Tsybikoff [Tsybikov], “Lhasa and central Tibet,” in Smithsonian Institution Annual Report Of The Board Of Regents 1903, Readers' Guide Retrospective: 1890-1982 (1903).,66.

Last updated: March 22, 2016