European Nationality—What You Should Know about Europe and European Nationality
At the annual meeting of the Assembly of the League of Nations in September 1929, Foreign Minister Aristide Briand of France proposed the establishment of a federal European union to coordinate economic and political policies. Briand believed that the proposed union should be created within the framework of the League, and promised to submit a detailed plan for a federal union to the 27 European states that were League members. This initiative inspired the formation of the non-governmental Office of European Nationality, which launched a public campaign in support of a “federal European nationality,” said to be implicit in the idea of a European union. This pamphlet was issued in 1933 by the Office of European Nationality. It contains a table listing the 35 states and two League of Nations protectorates (Danzig and the Saar) to be included in the union, with information about the population, land area, national capital, and form of government of each; the text of a “Proclamation on European Nationality”; and a second table with a slightly different list of 39 European states and protectorates, including Turkey and the Soviet Union. The booklet also includes several blank pages on which individual citizens could inscribe their names, occupations, and professions in order to declare their support for a European nationality and receive additional information from the Office of European Nationality. The pamphlet is preserved in the archives of the League, which were transferred to the United Nations in 1946 and are housed at the UN office in Geneva. They were inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World register in 2010.
Office of European Nationality, Geneva
Title in Original Language
Nationalité Européenne - Ce qu'il faut savoir de l'Europe et de la nationalité européenne
Type of Item
Last updated: August 5, 2016