Treaty of Relation Between Cuba and the United States, Certified Copy Deposited at the League of Nations


Article 18 of the Covenant of the League of Nations stipulated that “every treaty or international engagement entered into hereafter by any Member of the League shall be forthwith registered with the Secretariat and shall as soon as possible be published by it. No such treaty or international engagement shall be binding until so registered.” President Woodrow Wilson of the United States believed that secret agreements between states had been a major cause of World War I and therefore insisted, at the Paris Peace Conference of 1919–20, that the Covenant include a requirement that all international agreements be registered with the League and made public. Presented here is an elaborately bound copy of a bilateral treaty between the United States and Cuba signed in Washington on May 29, 1934, and deposited with the League by the government of Cuba in July 1934. The text of the treaty is in Spanish and English. The concluding three paragraphs of the document, in Spanish only, affirm that the treaty had been duly ratified under the constitution of the Republic of Cuba and was being deposited in accordance with Article 18 of the Covenant. The treaty abrogated the May 22, 1903, Treaty of Relations between the two countries, but reaffirmed the agreement signed on February 16 of that year under which the United States leased, for an indefinite period, 45 square miles (116.5 square kilometers) of land and water at Guantanamo Bay for use as a coaling station. The archives of the League were transferred to the United Nations in 1946 and are housed at the UN office in Geneva. They were inscribed on the UNESCO Memory of the World register in 2010.

Last updated: August 5, 2016