Snippets on the Three Calendars


Presented here is a manuscript copy of a Song edition of a collection of calendars, issued in the late-Ming dynasty by Jiguge, the largest private publishing house established in the late Ming. The work has three parts. Part one contains supplements on the auspicious days in each of the 12 months for the following activities: weddings, marriage proposals, gift giving, travel, boarding a ship, taking office, starting construction, scaffolding a house, digging the ground, moving into a house, burial, wearing and taking off a robe, filing a suit, opening a shop, wine-, soy sauce-, and vinegar-making, going to a market, putting on a bed curtain, tailoring, going to school, praying, and planting. Not every month had an auspicious day for each of these activities. The reasons for the choices of days are explained. Part two is an illustrated calendar, called wan tong li (10,000-year calendar), also called Great Everyday Fortune-telling. The work gives the best days and days to avoid, but not the months and years. A day circled in black is the most auspicious. Such days are called ji qing (auspicious), you wei (fine), and man de (full of kindness). A day circled in white means ill luck, or death, such as sha xing (a destroying star), xiong xing (a malevolent star), or huo xing (a calamity star). Part three contains another 10,000-year calendar with illustrated and rhymed instructions on how to handle good and bad luck. It contains rhymes on the Shangguan star of the Nine Palaces; the day of demon-possession and downfall, an inauspicious black day; the female deity Xuan nü, the lady of the nine heavens; instructions on selecting the month, day, and night to ask a favor of a distinguished person; days for coming and going; and so forth. At the end of the work is attached an illustration of the Feng Shui 24 mountains.

Publication Information

Jiguge, Yushan, China


Title in Original Language


Type of Item

Physical Description

1 volume ; 21 x 16.1 centimeters

Last updated: March 13, 2014