Armenian Liturgical Calendar


Parzatumar (Armenian liturgical calendar) was the second book printed in Armenian, after the Urbathagirq (The book of Fridays). Both books were published by Hakob Meghapart (Jacob the Sinner), who in 1512 settled among the Armenian community in Venice and established the first Armenian press. In this copy, from the National Library of Armenia, the two works are bound together. Little is known about Hakob Meghapart, or why he styled himself “the Sinner” (or “the Sinful”). Armenia was at this time under the rule of the Ottoman Turks, and the Diaspora community played a critical role in keeping alive the Armenian language and literary tradition. Written in Grabar (Classical Armenian), the book is a synaxarion, or a collection of brief biographies of the saints, read as lessons when a particular saint’s day is celebrated in church. The pages have titles, each surrounded by frames. Sixteen frames, eight each in two different styles, are used. These frames were used in a fresh manner in the Pataragatetr (Missal), also published by Hakob Meghapart. There are two decorative letters, one in red and one in black. A printer’s symbol appears at the end of the work.

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Publication Information

Publishing House of Hakob Meghapart, Venice

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Physical Description

59 leaves (118 pages) ; 16 centimeters

Last updated: May 29, 2013