Qur’an: Sūrat al-Anʻām


This manuscript preserves the entire Sūrat al-Anʻām (Chapter of the cattle), the sixth chapter of the Qurʼan. A long surah that consists of 165 verses, al-Anʻām is one of about 85 chapters that were said to have been revealed to the Prophet Muhammad in Mecca, before his hegira (migration) to Medina. As such, the themes in this chapter primarily discuss the origins of the Muslim creed, including the oneness of Allah, divine revelation, resurrection, and Judgment Day—all issues that the idolatrous Meccans fiercely contested. Unlike other long chapters, al-Anʻām does not include stories of past prophets, with the exception of a relatively short reference to Azar (called Terah in the Bible) and his son, the patriarch Abraham. There is also no mention of organizational rules for the Muslim community, such as those pertaining to the hajj, fasting, or family law. Written in naskh script, the verses are rendered in black ink and separated by gold medallions. The ‘unwan (decorative title panel) is written in blue, gold, and red ink, with the first and second leaves of the text further illustrated with gold underlining. The text border consists of one thin blue and one thick gold line, which contain nine lines of script. The manuscript might have been produced in Turkey, probably in the 18th century.

Last updated: April 14, 2017