Al-Jawharah, a Commentary on al-Quduri’s Compendium on Hanafi Jurisprudence


Mukhtaşar al-Qudūrī (Al-Quduri’s compendium), a text summarizing Islamic jurisprudence according to the Hanafi school, is among the earliest and most important works in the field. Known for its plain language and flowing style, the work gained such prominence among Hanafi scholars that it is referred to simply as al-Kitāb (The book). It bears the name of its author, jurist and traditionalist Abu al-Husayn Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Quduri (972 or 973–1037), who was the leading scholar of his school in Iraq in his day. Some 15 commentaries were written on the compendium, including al-Jawharah al-nayyirah (The radiant jewel), the first part of which is presented here. The commentator is Abu Bakr ibn ʻAli al-Haddad (died 1397 or 1398), another Hanafi jurist, who was from Yemen. The commentary follows al-Quduri’s original division of his compendium into books, of which some are further divided into chapters. This first part of the commentary discusses, in consecutive order, the books of ṭaharah (purification), salat (prayers), zakat (almsgiving), sawm (fasting), and hajj (pilgrimage). A second colophon in a later hand proclaims tamma kitāb al-buyūʻ (the end of the financial dealings book). The financial dealings book is not included here, however, although it is known to follow immediately after the book on hajj.

Last updated: April 14, 2017