Map of New Netherland, Virginia, and New England


Joan Vinckeboons (1617–70) was a Dutch cartographer and engraver born into a family of artists of Flemish origin. He was employed by the Dutch West India Company and for more than 30 years produced maps for use by Dutch mercantile and military shipping. He was a business partner of Joan Blaeu, one of the most important map and atlas publishers of the day. Vinckeboons drew a series of 200 manuscript maps that were used in the production of atlases, including Blaeu’s Atlas Maior. This pen-and-ink and watercolor map from around 1639 shows the northeast coast of the United States from New England to Virginia, including coastal features and other geographical entities. The colony of New Netherland was established by the Dutch in 1621, and over time was increasingly threatened by larger British colonies to the north and to the south. The British seized New Netherland in 1664, ending the Dutch colonial presence in North America. British and Dutch settlements and forts are shown, along with the names of Indian tribes. The map was once part of a manuscript atlas belonging to the Dutch firm of Gerard Hulst van Keulen, which published sea atlases and navigational handbooks for over two centuries. With the demise of the firm, the atlas was acquired and broken up by the Amsterdam book dealer Frederik Muller, who in 1887 sold 13 maps from the atlas attributed to Vinckeboons to the collector and bibliographer Henry Harrisse. This map is part of the Henry Harrisse Collection in the Library of Congress.

Date Created

Subject Date


Title in Original Language

Pascaert van Nieuw Nederlandt Virginia, ende Nieuw-Engelandt verthonendt alles wat van die landin by See, oft by land is ondect oft Bekent

Type of Item

Physical Description

1 manuscript map : pen and ink watercolor, paper backing ; 48 x 69 centimeters


  • Scale approximately 1:7,000,000

Last updated: March 16, 2015