29 results in English
Arabia
John Tallis and Company was a British mapmaking and publishing firm, founded by John Tallis (1817–76), which was active in London circa 1835−60. Tallis maps were known for their accurate information with numerous place-names and geographical details, as well as for the use of shaded areas to indicate topographical features. They are identifiable by the scrolling on the borders and the finely-drawn scenes inscribed on the margins of the maps, which John Tallis and his illustrators derived from travelogues and other written sources. John Rapkin (1815−76) was ...
Contributed by Qatar National Library
Map of the Gold Regions of California
The California Gold Rush of 1849 was a major event that sparked interest around the world and spurred the long-term rise and development of San Francisco and the surrounding region. Previously a Spanish and Mexican outpost, California witnessed a huge influx of prospectors and settlers after the gold strikes at Sutter’s Mill in early 1848. This map shows the entire area of California, including the Baja (present-day Mexico), and highlights in bright yellow the gold-producing regions along several rivers. The map also lists the names of various mountains, bays ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Picturesque Map of Havana with House Numbers
José María de la Torre y de la Torre (1815-73) was a Cuban geographer, archaeologist, historian, and educator. De la Torre’s 1849 Plano Pintoresco de La Habana con los números de las casas (Picturesque map of Havana with house numbers) has great importance from a geographic point of view. The map shows the names of the streets, house numbers, promenades, fortifications, and public buildings, and the division of the city by neighborhoods. The scale is in varas castellanas (Castilian yards, an old unit of measurement that varied with time ...
Dahomey and the Dahomans: Being the Journals of Two Missions to the King of Dahomey, and Residence at His Capital, in the Year 1849 and 1850
Frederick E. Forbes was a British naval officer who, in 1849-50, undertook two missions to the court of the King of Dahomey in an unsuccessful attempt to convince him to end involvement in the slave trade. Dahomey was a warlike kingdom that arose most likely in the second quarter of the 17th century and came to dominate its neighbors through its army, which included both men and women and was based on strict military discipline. This two-volume work reproduces Forbes’ journal and his account of his conversations with King Gezo ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Forest. Anita Dying
This painting depicting Italian patriots during the wars of Italian independence is excerpted from a multi-scene, “moving” panorama that is more than 1.2 meters tall and 110 meters long. Giant paintings such as these were a popular form of entertainment in the 19th century. The panorama scroll would be unrolled slowly as a narrator described the action. In its entirety, this panorama chronicles the life and exploits of Giuseppe Garibaldi, the Italian freedom fighter. The work is attributed to John James Story (1827-1900), an artist from Nottingham, England, but ...
Contributed by Brown University Library
Portrait of Mauma Mollie
Mauma, a Partridge family slave, was transported to South Carolina on a slave ship from Africa. She came to Jefferson County, Florida with John and Eliza Partridge in the 1830s, and was Frances Weston Partridge’s nurse. Henry Edward Partridge recorded in his diary in 1873: “We buried either in 57 or 58 our faithful old ‘Mauma’ Mollie – her who had nursed nearly all of the children of the family; been a friend as well as faithful servant to my Mother; in whose cabin we had often eaten the homely ...
New Testament of Our Lord Jesus Christ
The noted educational reformer, grammarian, and priest Neofit Rilski (1793–1881) was the first to translate the New Testament into modern Bulgarian. Rilski’s translation was critical to religious education, as most Bulgarians could not understand the existing translations of the Bible into Church Slavic. Financed by the Protestant British and Foreign Bible Society and sanctioned by the head of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, Ilarion, Metropolitan of Tŭrnovo, the translation was a milestone in the Bulgarian National Revival and in the efforts of Bulgarians to achieve religious autonomy from the ...
Map of Central America Including the States of Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, the Territories of Belise and Mosquito, with Parts of Mexico, Yucatan and New Granada
John Baily was an Englishman who lived for many years in Central America. He was employed in 1837-38 by the government of Nicaragua to survey a potential canal route from the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific Ocean. This map, published in London in 1850, was accompanied by a book, Central America, published separately, which contained much of the detailed information that Baily gathered to make this map. The map shows four possible canal routes: one surveyed for the government of Costa Rica in 1848 by the Danish engineer Andres Oersted ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Central America; Describing Each of the States of Guatemala, Honduras, Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica
John Baily was an Englishman who lived for many years in Central America. He was employed in 1837–38 by the government of Nicaragua to survey a potential canal route from the Caribbean Sea to the Pacific Ocean. In 1850 Baily published this book and a separate map of Central America that showed four proposed routes for an isthmian canal. Central America begins with an introductory chapter on the geography, history, and economy of the region as a whole, followed by individual chapters devoted to Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Mosquito ...
Contributed by Library of Congress
Church at Ocaña where the Colombian Convention Met, Province of Ocaña
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) shows the church at Ocaña, in present-day Norte de Santander Department, in northeastern Colombia. It was here that in April−June 1828 a national convention called for by Simón Bolívar sought to establish a new political and administrative structure for the then Republic of Gran Colombia. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez, a hero of Venezuelan independence and three times president). He studied art in New York when ...
The Passageways of Ocaña, Province of Ocaña
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) depicts a scene in the Province of Ocaña (present-day Norte de Santander Department) in northeastern Colombia. Three men and their mules are gingerly making their way through a steep rocky gorge. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez, a hero of Venezuelan independence and three times president). He studied art in New York when still a youth. He returned home in 1827 and served in the military, where he ...
Growers of Anise, Mestizo Indians, Province of Ocaña
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) shows two aniseed growers with their crop in Ocaña (in present-day Norte de Santandar Department) in northeastern Colombia. The men are identified as mestizos, signifying in this context of mixed European and Indian ancestry. Aniseed has been cultivated for centuries as an herb, fragrance, and flavoring. In Colombia it is used as an ingredient in the alcoholic drink known as aguardiente (literally, fire water). Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José ...
White Women, Province of Ocaña
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) is a scene from Ocaña Province (present-day Norte de Santandar Department) in northeastern Colombia. The caption at the bottom of the painting identifies the subject as “White Women,” and two women, possibly a mother (in black) and her daughter (in white) are shown. The third woman, in the background, of Afro-Colombian descent, might be their servant. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez, a hero of Venezuelan independence and ...
Inhabitants of the Capital, Province of Pamplona
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) shows a group of people by the church in Pamplona (in present-day Norte de Santander), northeastern Colombia. The city of Pamplona was founded in the mid-16th century and quickly developed into an important political, religious, and administrative center. It was a mining center, had a university, and played a role in Colombia’s independence movement in 1810. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez, a hero of Venezuelan independence ...
Church or Chapel of the Rosary of Cúcuta Where the Congress of Colombia Met, Province of Santander
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) shows a church in Cúcuta, in the province of Santander (present-day capital of Norte de Santander), in northeastern Colombia. The caption identifies the church as “the church or chapel of the Rosary of Cúcuta, where the admirable congress of Colombia met.” The caption is inaccurate. The 1821 constitution was drafted and adopted in Cúcuta, but the “Admirable Congress” (convened to reform the constitution and so called for the high reputation of its members) met in Bogotá in 1830. Fernández was born in San ...
Suspension Bridge over the Zulia River, Province of Santander
This watercolor by Carmelo Fernández (1809−87) shows a suspension bridge over the Zulia River in the province of Santander (present-day Norte de Santander), in northeastern Colombia. Several people are about to cross over the bridge, which is made of vines. The Zulia River forms a small part of the international border between Colombia and Venezuela. Fernández was born in San José de Guama, Venezuela, into a well-connected family (he was the nephew of José Antonio Páez, a hero of Venezuelan independence and three times president). He studied art in ...
Charles Oakford's Hat and Cap Store, Wholesale and Retail. Number 104, Chestnut Street, Philadelphia
This print is an advertisement for the retail and wholesale hat store operated by Charles Oakford in Philadelphia. Oakford established his business in 1827, relocated to 104 Chestnut Street in 1843, where he began his wholesale trade in 1850, and operated from this address until 1852. The advertisement contains an exterior view of the store, surrounded by a decorative border comprised of hats and vignettes. The proprietor is seen standing behind the double-sided glass door of his establishment and displays of hats adorn the showcase windows of the store. The ...
Philadelphia, from the State House Steeple, North, East and South
This lithograph is by Leo von Elliot (1816−90) after a sketch by Joseph Thoma. Little is known about either of these artists. The panoramic view of Philadelphia in the mid-19th century looks east toward the Delaware River, predominantly showing the area east of Fifth Street between Arch and South Streets from the State House (Independence Hall). It includes the Court House (later City Hall, 500 Chestnut Street) and the Philadelphia Library (the Library Company of Philadelphia, 105 South Fifth Street). Also seen are a flag flying on top of ...
Melloy & Ford, Wholesale Tin Ware Manufacturers
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows the factory operated by John M. Melloy and Robert Ford at 291 Market Street (later renumbered 723). It promotes the "lowest rates," "quick sales & small profits," and "metallic roofing." The building’s many signs and product advertisements include a large scale model of a coffeepot and prominent displays of tinware in the shop window, on the shelves, and by the door. In front of ...
Finn and Burton's Paper Hangings Warehouse. Number 142, Arch Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1849 shows the paper hangings warehouse of the Finn & Burton firm, located at 142 (now the 600 block) Arch Street, Philadelphia. Through the open entryway two ladies and a gentleman can be seen seated at a table, while a clerk shows them wallpaper samples. The large side windows reveal massive architectural scenes, the illusion of depth in them presumably created by the elegant wall hangings. Well-dressed pedestrians pass by in the street. In the trompe l’oeil border around the main illustration hang samples of wall ...
John C. Baker and Company, Wholesale Dealers and Importers of Drugs, Medicines, Chemicals, Paints and Dye Stuffs. Number 100, North Third Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1849 shows the five-story storefront, adorned with signage and an ornamental ironwork balcony, of the druggist located at 100 North Third Street, Philadelphia. A patron enters the establishment as a crate is hoisted in front of him. To the left, the window and second entrance of the building are open, and casks, jugs, bottles, and boxes line a wall of shelves and the floor. Additional inventory is visible near the upper windows. A clerk oversees the loading of a cart with boxes and barrels, while pedestrians ...
Potter & Carmichael, Oil Cloth Manufacturers. Warehouse, Number 135, North Third Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows the busy factory complex on Second Street above the Reading Railroad (i.e., 135 North Third Street above Race Street). A "Franklin-ville, Oilcloth Works" sign tops the roof of the main factory building around which workers stretch cloth on long flat racks. Cloth is also stretched down the sides of buildings. Other men move a roll of carpet into a hatch, load materials into ...
T.I. Dyre, Jr., Bell & Brass Founder, Corner of Washington & Church Streets, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows the Dyre foundry complex in South Philadelphia, including the "Black Lead Crucible Manufactory," "Brass & Bell Foundry," an office-like building, and a workshop with a stack spewing smoke. A gentleman enters the office as a laborer pushes a wheelbarrow on the sidewalk toward an alley, out of which a drayman leads his horse-drawn vehicle transporting a large bell. In the street, a crowded "Gray's ...
Doctor George Stuart's Botanical Syrup and Vegetable Pills, the Greatest Family Medicine in the World
This 1849 advertisement for “Dr. George Stuart's botanical syrup and vegetable pills, the greatest family medicine in the world” features an exterior view of the three-and-one-half story storefront of the Stuart establishment on the 700 block of Race Street in Philadelphia. Signage on the building north of the large central showcase window lists several diseases and ailments cured by "Dr. G. Stuart's Syrup and Vegetable Pills." The infirmities listed include consumption, dysentery, chills and fevers, piles, colds, coughs, bronchitis, cancers, erysipelas, neuralgia, and "general and nervous debility &c. &c." Shadowy views of branches, leaves, and decanters are visible in the showcase window. In front of the store, men of different ages, classes, and ethnicities hold banners inscribed with testimonials; ...
Porteus' Works. Pine Oil Camphine Distilled by Steam. Number 581, North Front Street. Philadelphia
This advertisement for the J.A. Porteus Chemical Works in Philadelphia depicts aspects of industry in mid-19th century America. The illustration at the top shows a view of the works, located at 581 North Front Street. Laborers load a horse-drawn wagon and a dray with barrels that are lined along the building. A couple walks past the factory, which is comprised of gable-roofed brick buildings of various heights. The illustration below is a cross-section view of an enormous distilling machine used in making the firm’s products, which included turpentine ...
Henry Beagle, Blacksmith and Hame Manufacturer. Corner of Magnolia and Willow Streets between Fifth and Sixth Streets, Philadelphia
This advertising print from around 1850 depicts the premises of Henry Beagle, blacksmith and hame manufacturer, located on the 400 block of Magnolia Street, Philadelphia. The word “hame” refers to the two curved wooden or metal pieces of a harness that fit around the neck of a draft animal, and to which the traces—the part of the harness by which a horse or other draft animal pulls a cart−are attached. The print announces: “Has on hand a general assortment of Dray, Cart, Wagon and Plough Hames, ironed in ...
S.F. Jacoby and Company. Importers and Dealers in Foreign and Domestic Marble in All Their Varieties. J.K. and M. Freedley Dealers in American Marble
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement contains a montage of three titled views showing the sites involved in the operations of the Jacoby and Freedley companies. The scenes are separated and surrounded by an ornate border, comprised of patriotic imagery on top, including an eagle clutching the American flag and shield near a bust of George Washington and the state seals of Pennsylvania and Massachusetts. Filigree, foliage, and tassels decorate the ...
Warnick & Leibrandt's Philadelphia Stove Works and Hollow-Ware Foundry. First Wharf above Noble Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows two views of the stove works and hollow-ware foundries owned and operated by Charles W. Warnick and Frederick Leibrandt. The upper scene depicts the stove works at Gunners Run (later the Aramingo Canal) and Franklin Avenue (later Girard Avenue). Viewed from the opposite bank of Gunner's Run, the scene shows laborers with horse-drawn carts and drays on the bank of the canal, in ...
B. Lieber, Importer of Brandies, Wines, Gins, Brown-Stout, Scotch Ale, Absinthe, Cigars, Et cetera. Manufacturer of Punch Essence, Cordials, Lemon Syrup, Raspberry, Lavender, Rose, Blackberry and Wild-Cherry. Brandies, Bitters, Et cetera. Number 121 North Fourth Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1849 shows the four-story storefront of the establishment of B. Lieber, liquor importer, located on the 300 block of North Fourth Street (between Vine and Callowhill streets) in Philadelphia. Bottles, small boxes, and broadside advertisements, predominantly for French cordials and bitters, fill the display window, and a large model cask with advertising text and stacks of labeled boxes flank the open entrance. Box labels include "Ysla de Cuba," "Assorted Cordials," "Glorias," and "Habano." A clerk confers with a patron within the store, seen through the entryway ...