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Map of the Colony of Berbice Located in Batavian Guiana in America between the Colonies of Demerara and Suriname
This detailed 1802 map, drawn by a Dutch military officer and issued by the distinguished Amsterdam cartographic publishing firm of Covens and Mortier, shows the Dutch colony of Berbice as it appeared at the beginning of the 19th century. Located along the Berbice River in present-day Guyana, Berbice was established in 1627 under the authority of the Dutch West India Company. The inset map in the upper left, oriented with north at the bottom, shows Berbice in relation to Suriname, its larger sister colony. The main map is oriented with ...
This manuscript is an Arabic translation of the first five books of the Old Testament (Pentateuch), which is called on the first leaf, “The Holy Torah.” The book contains little information about its production other than a note at the end indicating that it is of Coptic origin. Framed cruciform patterns appear at the top of the first leaf and are the only illustrations in the work. There are chapter and verse headings in red as well as guidewords and occasional directions for recitation during fasts and feasts. At the ...
Spherical Map That Shows the North of the Santo Domingo Island and the Eastern Part of Canal Viejo of Bahamas
This early-19th century Spanish naval map shows the eastern Caribbean, from the northern coasts of Hispaniola (present-day Haiti and the Dominican Republic) and Cuba to the Bahamas. The map was engraved by Fernando Selma (1752-1810), a well-known Spanish engraver who produced not only maps, but also portraits of notable Spaniards.
Map of Tobol'sk Province (16 Districts)
This map of the vast Siberian province of Tobol’sk shows the borders of the province and its districts, population centers, monasteries, winter encampments, fortresses, mines, salt and fish industries, and the routes of voyages by Malygin (1734, 1735), Skuratov (1734, 1735), Ovtsyn (1735), Murav'ev (1737), Pavlov (1737), Rozmyslov (1768), and the location where Dutch ships wintered in 1596. The title is in an artistic cartouche with a drawing of a hunting scene, mining symbols, and a maiden with an urn–an allegorical symbol of the Ob' River. The ...
Chronicle of a Javanese Court in Yogyakarta
This illuminated page in Javanese script is from a chronicle of a Javanese court in Yogyakarta. Located in central Java, Yogyakarta was one of two main pre-colonial royal cities in Java and a center of Javanese culture. The history of local leaders and royal families was recorded in chronicles such as this one. The document is from the collections of the KITLV/Royal Netherlands Institute of Southeast Asian and Caribbean Studies in Leiden.
British Artillerymen Pulling a Gun
This unfinished ink sketch by Benjamin West (1738-1820) shows British artillerymen from the Napoleonic Wars straining at a rope to drag a canon. The tenth child of a Pennsylvania innkeeper, West became one of the foremost artists of his day, despite having had very little formal education. In 1763, he moved to London, where he became a co-founder of the Royal Academy of Arts. He was a close friend of Benjamin Franklin, and was commissioned by King George III to paint portraits of the royal family. West later became the ...
Sketches Representing the Native Tribes, Animals, and Scenery of Southern Africa: From Drawings Made by the Late Mr. Samuel Daniell
Samuel Daniell (1775–1811) was an English painter and draughtsman who arrived in South Africa in December 1799. He was appointed secretary and artist for the expedition of 1801–2 from the Cape of Good Hope to Bechuanaland led by P.J. Truter and William Somerville. On his return to England, Daniell published, with the assistance of his uncle, the painter Thomas Daniell, and his brother, the painter and engraver William Daniell, African Scenery and Animals (1804–5). He later moved to Ceylon (present-day Sri Lanka), where he made sketches ...
Map of Fort Scarborough, Formerly Castries, as it was Delivered to French Troops, by the English, on the 15th of Vendémiaire Year 11
In the colonial era, the Dutch, British, and French vied for control of the island of Tobago. In 1777, when they were in possession of the island, the French began constructing a fort which they called Fort Castries. The British captured the island in 1793 but were obliged to return it to France under the terms of the 1802 Treaty of Amiens. This plan depicts the fort, referred to by its British name of Fort Scarborough, at the time of its transfer from Britain to France. Shown are the structure ...
Part of the Coast of Brazil
This pen-and-ink drawing on parchment shows the southeastern coast of Brazil, from Pernambuco in the north to Rio Grande do Sul in the south. The map focuses on the coastline and labels coastal towns as well as the provinces. The map is attributed to Antonio José Araújo.
Map of Maranhao, City of São Luis do Maranhão
This manuscript map shows the city of São Luís do Maranhão as it appeared around 1800. Located on Brazil’s northeastern coast, the city predates Brazil’s European colonization. It was a large village of the local Tupinambá people before being taken over by the French in 1612, who renamed it after Saint Louis and in honor of King Louis XIII. Less than three years later, the Portuguese captured the city from the French. Under Portuguese rule, São Luís do Maranhão became the seat of the Diocese of São Luís ...
Geographic Map of the Captaincy of Mato Grosso
This hand-colored manuscript map shows the topography of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso, along with parts of Grão Pará, the Negro River, Goiás, and São Paulo. It also shows the Assumpção province of Paraguay and the western provinces of the Moxós and Chiquitos Indians. The latter regions, important areas in the Guarani War of 1756, were at the center of the disputes over territory between the crowns of Spain and Portugal. Important notes on the right side of the map provide information about two treaties between the two kingdoms ...
Map of Doce and Jequitinhonha Rivers Copied from Documents Found in the House of Representatives
This 19th-century map shows the Doce and Jequitinhonha rivers and their tributaries in the southeastern Brazilian state of Minas Gerais. The map, which was copied from an older original, is the work of José Raimundo da Cunha Matos (1776-1839), a Brazilian military historian and founding member of the Brazilian Historical and Geographic Institute. Although Minas Gerais is best known for the gold and diamond mines that gave the region its name, agriculture became more important to the regional economy over the course of the 19th century, as the mines were ...