28 results in English
Persia, Arabia, Et cetera
This map appeared in A New Universal Atlas, published in 1846 by Henry Schenck Tanner, an early American geographer and cartographer. This map shows the political and geographic features of the Arabian Peninsula, using the traditional divisions of Arabia Petraea, Arabia Deserta, and Arabia Felix. Also shown are the region of the Hedjaz with the cities of Mecca and Medina, and Al-Dahna (present-day Kuwait and southern Iraq). The key in the bottom right differentiates between capitals, important towns, and smaller towns by means of starred and shaded circles. The boundaries ...
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The Highlands of Iran Including the States of Persia, Afghanistan, and Baluchistan
This hand-colored map of 1846 shows the Iranian Plateau, a geographical and geological formation encompassing parts of Persia (present-day Iran), Afghanistan, and Baluchistan (in present-day Iran and Pakistan). The map shows cities of different sizes, provinces and provincial capitals, caravan routes, fortresses, ruins, and rivers, mountains, and other geographic features. Three distance scales are provided: English miles, German miles, and Persian farsangs (also seen as parasangs and fursakhs). The map is by the German cartographer Carl Ferdinand Weiland (1782−1847) and was published in Allgemeiner Hand-Atlas der Erde und des ...
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Topographical Map of the Road from Missouri to Oregon, Commencing at the Mouth of the Kansas in the Missouri River and Ending at the Mouth of the Walla-Wallah in the Columbia
This map, produced in 1846 in seven sections, was compiled by order of the U.S. Senate from the field notes and journal of Captain John C. Frémont (1813−90) and associated sketches and notes of his assistant, Charles Preuss (1803−54). It traces the route to the Pacific paralleling the large river systems traversing the North American continent. Frémont was an experienced frontiersman who led four expeditions into the western regions of the United States. Popularly known in his day as “The Pathfinder,” Frémont worked with the frontiersman Kit ...
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Pictures of Mount Fuji
Presented here is a picture album published in 1846, based on sketches drawn by the Edo period painter Koizumi Danzan (also seen as Koizumi Ayaru, circa 1766−1854) after he reached the top of Mount Fuji in 1795. It consists of inscriptions and an introduction by several famous scholars and poets with a postscript by Koizumi; 21 pictures by Koizumi (however, in this copy, the seventh, eighth, and ninth pictures are also inserted as the first three pictures, so three are missing); the postscript and colophon; and a distant view ...
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Funny Stories and Droll Pictures
Heinrich Hoffmann, a Frankfurt medical doctor and writer, published Lustige Geschichten und drollige Bilder (Funny stories and droll pictures) in 1845 using the pen name "Reimerich Kinderlieb." Later this book gained international fame under the title it is known by today: Der Struwwelpeter (Slovenly Peter). A second edition of 5,000 copies was printed in 1846. This edition, presented here, contains two additional tales, "Die gar traurige Geschichte mit dem Feuerzeug" (The dreadful story of the matches) and "Die Geschichte von dem Zappel-Philipp" (The story of fidgety Philip). The famous ...
Book of Amusements for 1846
Book of Amusements for 1846 was the second in a series that began publication the previous year, in 1845. The anthologist, Konstantin Ognianovich (1798–1858), was a Serb who believed in education for Bulgarians and who contributed to the Bulgarian National Revival by producing poetic works and popular anthologies that encouraged reading and Bulgarian national pride. Part of the tradition of calendar publishing, the volumes in the series led the transformation of the genre from an earlier focus on light content to the production of popular anthologies with serious content ...
Brief Interpretation of the Holy Church, and How Many Holy Vessels and Vestments are Kept There, and of the Everyday Services, of the Divine Liturgy, and of the Holy Church Mysteries
Brief Interpretation of the Holy Church, and How Many Holy Vessels and Vestments Are Kept There, and of the Everyday Services, of the Divine Liturgy, and of the Holy Church Mysteries is a Bulgarian translation of a liturgical work originally written in Greek. Shown here is the second edition. In 1837, when the first edition of this work was published, very few Bulgarian books existed for educational or even religious purposes. The Greek original is by the Hellenistic educator, Demetrios Nikolaos Darvares (1757–1853); the translation is by Raino Popovich ...
A Historical, Geographical, and Statistical Description of the Russian Empire. Volume 1, Book 4. Vologda Province
This work by the historian and statistician Ivan Ilych Pushkarev (1808–48) is a historical and statistical description of the Russian province of Vologda, containing information about its geography, people, economic development, and government institutions. It was conceived as a fundamental work based on the materials of the ministries and statistical committees of the provinces. Pushkarev planned to publish 18 volumes with the descriptions of 76 provinces, regions, and districts, and a concluding historical and statistical description of the Russian Empire as a whole. However, he had time to prepare ...
Conrad & Roberts Hardware & Cutlery, 123 North Third Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. Shown here is his advertisement for the Conrad & Roberts Hardware & Cutlery store on the 200 block of North Third Street. It shows the storefront adorned with signage. The store interior is visible through the two open entrances. A clerk retrieves merchandise from a shelf for a patron and another serves a gentleman at a counter. Laborers move barrels and boxes from the open cellar. Above the cellar ...
Newmarket Hardware, Cutlery and Nail Store
This 1846 print is an advertisement for the Newmarket Hardware, Cutlery and Nail Store in Philadelphia. Owned by Baxter & Brother, the store was  located at 244 South Second Street, later renumbered to 522 South Second Street following the consolidation of the city in 1854. Merchandise adorns the display windows of the shop and a clerk assisting a customer is visible through the doorway. A sign for "looking glasses," i.e., mirrors, and two teapots and an anvil hang above the open entrance door. In front of the store, crates, barrels ...
Foering and Thudium's Cheap Stove Ware-House. Number 87 North Second Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1846 depicts the three-and-a-half story stove warehouse operated by Frederick Foering and C.A. Thudium at 87 North Second Street, Philadelphia. In the open entranceways, a clerk assists a female shopper and an African American laborer lifts a stove. Displays of stoves line the sidewalk and the store walls. White laborers are working on the second floor, near open windows. A horse-drawn cart departs an adjoining exit way. Foering and Thudium, one of the city's first domestic stove manufacturers, started in business in 1828 and ...
Charles Gilbert's Stove Manufactory, 249 North Second Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows the Gilbert stove factory covered in signage in German and English on the 400 block of North Second Street. Patrons enter the storefront and a clerk, or possibly the proprietor, greets a patron at a second entrance. Stoves line the walls and are displayed at the entrances and in the shop windows. The appliances, of various styles, including a cooking stove with a tea ...
George Mecke, Cabinet Maker and Upholsterer. Number 355, North Second Street, Nearly Opposite Tammany Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1846 shows the four-story storefront with decorative masonry of the cabinet maker and upholsterer George Mecke, located at 355 North Second Street, between Noble and Green Streets (later the 500 block), Philadelphia. A couple enters the showroom through the door on the left. Furniture, including a side table, chaise lounge, armoire, and rocker are visible at the entrances, display window, and within the store. A woman, in a shawl and holding a parasol, approaches the chairs displayed at the second entrance. She stands across from two ...
John Horn, Drugs and Chemical Store. Northeast Corner of Third and Brown Streets, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1846 shows the drugs and chemical store of John Horn, located at 801 North Third Street in Philadelphia, where he operated from 1829 to 1871. A large banner above the main entrances to the building reads "J. Horn Drugs & Chemical Store. City & county physicians can always be supplied with medicines & chemicals of the purest kind prepared with the greatest care from the latest French, English, German, & American journals." A customer is seen entering the establishment, while another looks at the wares displayed in the window. A ...
Jordan and Brother, Wholesale Grocers. Number 121 North Third Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1846 shows the establishment of Jordan & Brother, wholesale grocers, located at 121 (now 209) North Third Street, Philadelphia. A worker carries a sack through the front door, while another descends the stairs to the basement from a cellar door opening on to the sidewalk in front of the building. In a side alley are seen a horse-drawn cart and a man holding the horse. As would befit a wholesale establishment, the building is plain, without the signs and display windows used to attract the retail customer ...
Joseph Feinour and Son Stove Store and Joseph Feinour's Tin, Copper Brass and Iron Ware-House. 213-215 South Front Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1846 shows the stove store and tin, copper, brass, and iron manufactory of Joseph Feinour & Son and the adjacent Joseph Feinour's Tin, Copper Brass & Iron Ware House. These establishments were located at 213−15 (now 345−47) South Front Street, Philadelphia, circa 1828−60. In front of the warehouse a clerk assists a woman who is inspecting cauldrons, while inside another woman examines a pot at the counter. Stoves in various shapes and sizes are displayed on the sidewalk, while the window of the warehouse ...
Lockwood and Smith, Importers and Dealers China, Glass and Queensware, 7 South Fourth Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. Shown here is his advertisement for the Lockwood & Smith business at 7 South Fourth Street between Market and Chestnut Streets. A clerk greets a male patron at one of the open entryways. Shelves of plates, bowls, and pitchers line the walls of the store. In the display windows, more china, glass, and queensware (cream-colored earthenware), including tureens and pitchers, are on view. On the sidewalk, clerks handle ...
Moyer & Hazard, Successors of Alexander Fullerton, 174 Market Street, Fifth Door Above Fifth Street, Philadelphia. Elijah Bowen, Wholesale & Retail Hat & Cap Store, 176 Market Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. Shown here is his advertisement for the adjacent businesses of wholesale druggists Charles Moyer and A. Fullerton Hazard (successors of Alexander Fullerton), and wholesale and retail hatter, Elijah Bowen. Both buildings are covered in signage. The "Alexander Fullerton drugs medicine & paints" signs on number 174 indicate the recent shift in ownership. A man stands in the left doorway of 174 directing a laborer who moves goods on ...
N. Helverson, Undertaker, 93 Coates Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows the office building and storefront for the undertaker and "Coffin Ware-House" at 93 Coates Street (later 225−27 Fairmount Avenue). A male patron enters the doorway of the office "N. Helverson Undertaker." A sign advertising "Coffins Ready Made" adorns the showcase window. A doormat covers the small step preceding the entrance and the cellar doors to the building are open. In the right, a ...
Robert Shoemaker's Wholesale and Retail Drugstore, Southwest Corner of Second and Green Streets, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. Shown here is Shoemaker’s drugstore on the 200 block of Green Street. Signs advertise Wetherill's white lead, drugs, medicines, paints, oils, glass, dyestuffs, "window glass of all sizes," picture glass, "cheap glass for hot beds," "white lead warranted pure by the ton or pound," ready-mixed paints, linseed oil, plasters, potash, and soda. A patron enters past barrels and sacks. Two clerks stand at the long ...
T. Wattson and Sons, Biscuit Bakery, 129 North Front Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows the busy four-story factory for the bakery at 129 North Front Street, between Chestnut and Walnut Streets. A gentleman, possibly the proprietor Thomas Wattson, stands in one of the open doorways to the bakery as laborers work around him. Near the doorways, workers load kegs onto a horse-drawn "T. Wattson & Sons Biscuit Bakery" wagon and dray. Other men hoist kegs to the upper receiving ...
Womrath and Neville, Manufactory of Fringes, Tassels, Cords & c. and George F. Womrath, Fur Store, 15 and 13 North Fourth Street, Philadelphia
William H. Rease, born in Pennsylvania circa 1818, was the most prolific lithographer of advertising prints in Philadelphia during the 1840s and 1850s. This advertisement shows two adjoining storefronts adorned with signage and display windows on North Fourth Street above Market Street. At number 15, the Womrath & Neville storefront, a clerk is visible helping a female patron. Shelves of merchandise line the wall behind him. Fringes, tassels, and other trimmings, a framed graphic, and a small broadside fill the main windows marked "Hosiery," "Trimmings," "Bindings," and "Tapes & Thread." Between the ...
J. and J. Reakirt, Wholesale Drug Warehouse: Drugs, Chemicals, Paints, and Dye-Stuffs. Southeastern Corner of Third and Callowhill Streets, Philadelphia
This advertising print from 1846 shows the three-and-one-half story building of J. & J. Reakirt, wholesale druggists located in the 200 block of Callowhill Street in Philadelphia. Signs advertise "Drugs, Chemicals, Paints, Oils, Glass, and Dye-Stuffs"; "White-Lead & Window-Glass at Manufacturers Lowest Prices"; “Paints, Oils, Varnishes”; and "Alum, Madder, Logwood, Camwood, Indigo, Copperas, Fustic, Turpentine." Patrons, visible through the open doorways, stand at counters within the storefront. Jars and decanters line the display windows. Crates and barrels, some marked, line the sidewalk. At the side of the store, a clerk checks a list as a drayman unloads his horse-drawn vehicle. A large-scale mortar and pestle of an apothecary hangs from the corner of the building, and a fire ...
Jacob Emerick's Wholesale and Retail China, Glass, and Queensware. Number 215, North Third Street, Philadelphia
This advertisement from 1846 shows a three-and-one-half story storefront, located at 215 [349] North Third Street in Philadelphia, tenanted by the firm of Jacob Emerick from 1837 to 1874. Inside the store, visible through an open doorway, a clerk assists a patron. The sign north of the first floor proclaims, “Jacob Emerick’s China Glass & Liverpool Warehouse.” A large model teapot adorns the front facade of the building. Shelves of porcelain and glassware line the walls. Additional porcelain and glassware, including plates, serving trays, tureens, and pitchers, are piled on ...
Ritter Cotterell and Ritter, Wholesale Drug and Chemical Warehouse. Paints, Oils, Glass and Dye Stuffs. 132 North Third Street, Corner of Branch Street, Philadelphia
This advertisement from 1846 shows the four-story storefront of the wholesale drug and chemical warehouse for the firm Ritter Cotterell & Ritter, located on the 100 block of North Third Street in Philadelphia. Signs on the building advertise products, including "Wetherill & Co.'s Warranted Pure White Lead”; “indigo, madder, logwood, turpentine, linseed oil”; and “patent matches & American brimstone.” (White lead is a chemical compound made up of lead, carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, historically used to make white paint. Indigo, madder, and logwood are all plant-based dyes. Brimstone is another word for sulfur.) In the image, a patron exits though one of three open entryways to the store; another patron is visible inside. Canisters and decanters fill the central display window and crates and barrels line the sidewalk in front of the building. At the side of the storefront, near the open cellar, a drayman stands by his horse that pulls a dray loaded with crates. A weather vane decorated with a fish adorns the roof of ...
J. Hartman's Biscuit Bakery. Number 90 Penn Street, Philadelphia
This advertising print from around 1846 shows the biscuit bakery operated by J. Hartman at 90 Penn Street (then also called 90 South Wharves, now 412 South Delaware Avenue), Philadelphia. Signage adorning the building advertises "Crackers, Sugar & Soda Biscuit, Pilot, Ship & Navy Bread Wholesale & Retail." Employees and patrons enter and exit the building past stacks of barrels and are visible through the open entranceways and receiving windows; they are seen climbing stairs, discussing business, and inspecting barrels. In front of the business, under a large store banner, a patron and clerk converse and employees load a horse-drawn cart with provisions. At the side of the building, a driver with a horse-drawn cart in the alley prepares to receive a ...
William H. Horstmann & Sons, Number 51, North Third Street, Philadelphia, Manufacturers and Importers of Military Goods
John Taylor French was born in Pennsylvania in 1822 and worked as a lithographer, particularly of fashion advertisements, in Philadelphia from about 1845 to 1852. This advertisement shows the ornately decorated storefront of William H. Horstmann & Sons clothing and military supply store. Patriotic bunting consisting of the names of J.H. Otten, carver, and J. Gibson, painter, and a shield surmounted by an eagle, flags, swords, and spears surround a sign that reads, "E Pluribus Unum, Horstmann," above the first level. Drums, military helmets, flags, and swords flank this central ...
A New Map for Travelers through the United States of America Showing the Railroads, Canals and Stage Roads, 1846
This 1846 map of the United States by John Calvin Smith is from Smith’s The Illustrated Hand-book for Travelers through the United States. Smith published editions of this popular guide, each of which contained a foldout map of the United States, in 1846, 1847, 1849, 1851, and 1856. Framed in decorative borders, the map indicates drainage and state boundaries, shows cities and towns with distances along roads and railroads, and identifies the major Indian tribes living west of the Mississippi River. The inset maps on the right show the ...
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