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Guide to Astronomy
This handwritten copy of Tian wen bei kao (Guide to astronomy) was made in 1790 by Pingbo, whose seals are on the cover of the first of the two juan. No other information on the copyist is available. Juan one is a collection of texts taken from Xing jing (Star manual) by Shi Shen (circa 350 BC), Tian wen xing zhan (Astronomic star observation) by Gan De (between 475 and 221 BC), Shi ji (The records of the grand historian), Tian wen zhi (Astronomy treatise) in Han shu (History of ...
Contributed by
National Central Library
Kuklin House (1790s; after 1817), Governor's Mansion, Study of Nicholas II, who Lived Here with his Family from August 1917 until mid April, 1918, Tobol'sk, Russia
This photograph of the study of Nicholas II at the Governor General's Mansion in Tobol'sk was taken in 1999 by Dr. William Brumfield, American photographer and historian of Russian architecture, as part of the "Meeting of Frontiers" project at the Library of Congress. Tobol'sk was founded in 1587 by the cossack leader Daniel Chulkov near the confluence of the Tobol' and Irtysh rivers. Thereafter, Tobol'sk became the main administrative center of Siberia until the mid-19th century. A factor in its decline was the routing of the ...
Contributed by
Library of Congress
Indian Demons Attacking Fort Defended by European Troops
This unsigned watercolor by an unknown Indian artist depicts the events of the Third Mysore War (1790-92). The Anglo-Mysore wars were a series of conflicts in the late 18th century that were fought between the Kingdom of Mysore, located in southwestern India, and the British East India Company. After victories in the first two wars, Mysore, led by Tipu Sultan, invaded the nearby coastal state of Travancore, which was a British ally. This led to the Third Mysore War, which the British won. Although the royal family of Mysore was ...
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Brown University Library
Portion of a Letter. Holograph of Burns from the Thornhill Letter Book
Robert Burns (1759-96) is best known for his poems and songs that reflect Scotland's cultural heritage. He was born in Alloway, Ayrshire, Scotland, the first of seven children belonging to William Burnes, a tenant farmer, and his wife Agnes Broun. Burns had little formal education, but he read English literature and absorbed the traditional, largely oral Scots-language folk songs and tales of his rural environment. He began to compose songs in 1774, and published his first book, Poems, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect, in 1786. The work was a ...
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University of South Carolina
The Pantheon and the Rue Soufflot, Paris, France
This photochrome print is part of “Views of Architecture, Monuments, and Other Sites in France” from the catalog of the Detroit Publishing Company (1905). Located in the Fifth Arrondissement (district) of Paris near the Luxembourg Gardens, the Panthéon was described in the 1900 edition of Baedeker's Paris and its Environs, with routes from London to Paris: Handbook for Travellers as standing “on the highest ground in the quarters of the city on the left bank, occupying the site of the tomb of Ste. Genevieve (422–512), the patron saint ...
Contributed by
Library of Congress
Papers of Joseph Ingraham, 1790-1792: Journal of the Voyage of the Brigantine "Hope" from Boston to the North-West Coast of America
Joseph Ingraham was the master of the brigantine Hope, a 70-ton American ship that was designed and equipped to make the trip around Cape Horn to the west coast of North America, from there to China, and from China back to Boston. In the late 18th century, American fur traders undertook expeditions to the northwestern Pacific, where they obtained furs, which they brought for sale to the Chinese port of Canton (present-day Guangdong). There they acquired tea, silk, porcelain, and other goods for sale in the U.S. market. This ...
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Library of Congress
Map of France Divided into Départements, Subdivided into Arrondissements
This 1806 map of France shows the division of the country into départements (regions) and arrondissements (districts). The modern départements were created in 1790, following the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, by the National Constituent Assembly, partly to weaken the old military and historical loyalties of the provinces and create a more coherent and loyal national system. Each département was run by an elected general council, presided over by a commissioner representing the central government. The départements were subdivided into arrondissements, each of which was under the administration ...
Contributed by
University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee Libraries
Topographic Map of the Principal Entry to the Amazon River
This manuscript topographic map shows the main outlet of the Amazon River into the Atlantic Ocean. The river's estuary is more than 330 kilometers wide. Early explorers called it the “sweet sea” because of the vast amount of fresh water pouring into the ocean. The map is the work of João Vasco Manuel de Braun, a Brazilian of English descent who served as governor of Macapá, the equatorial region in which the mouth of the Amazon is located.
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National Library of Brazil
A Study of the Saliba Language
This 1790 manuscript contains a grammar and partial glossary of the Saliba language, compiled by an unknown writer in San Miguel del Macuco (present-day Orocué, Colombia), and used by Jesuit missionaries. A note on the manuscript reads: “Under the Royal Order of our Catholic Monarch Charles IV, God preserve him, for demanding the greater learning and intelligence of the dictionary." The manuscript also includes a letter addressed to Charles IV by Friar Clement of Saint Xavier, in which the friar states that he has requested the Saliba language dictionary recommended ...
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National Library of Colombia
Croatia-Slavonia and Fiume
In preparation for the peace conference that was expected to follow World War I, in the spring of 1917 the British Foreign Office established a special section responsible for preparing background information for use by British delegates to the conference. Croatia-Slavonia and Fiume is Number 8 in a series of more than 160 studies produced by the section, most of which were published after the conclusion of the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. Until the end of World War I, Croatia-Slavonia and Fiume were part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and provided ...
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Library of Congress