26 results in English
Souvenir of Kiev
Souvenir of Kiev is an early 20th-century album of 25 views of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Among the sites shown are cathedrals, monasteries, monuments, educational and cultural institutions, squares, thoroughfares, the railroad station, bridges across the Dnieper River, and buildings connected with the commercial life of the city. The views in the album are collotypes, made using a chemically-based printing process that was widely employed before the invention of offset lithography. The captions on each ...
View of the Podil Area of Kiev
This view of Podil (also known as Podol) is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The name Podil derives from an old Slavic word meaning “lowlands.” Established before the city expanded into the surrounding hills, Podil stretches along the Dnieper River. It was where Kiev’s trade, commerce, and industry originated and where craftsmen, merchants, and fishermen sold their wares. This image shows the ...
View of Podil and Florovsky Monastery
This view of Podil (also known as Podol) is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The name Podil derives from an old Slavic word meaning “lowlands.” Established before the city expanded into the surrounding hills, Podil stretches along the Dnieper River. It was where Kiev’s trade, commerce, and industry originated and where craftsmen, merchants, and fishermen sold their wares. This image shows the ...
Saint Vladimir Monument
This view of the 1853 monument to Saint Vladimir overlooking the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich (circa 956–1015), or Saint Vladimir the Great, brought Christianity to the medieval polity of Kievan Rus in 988. The monument, some 18 meters high, was designed by sculptor Vasily Demut-Malinovsky (1779–1846). The statue, which is only one quarter of ...
View from the Dnieper River to Saint Andrew’s Mountains
This view of the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Seen in the foreground is the paddle steamer Ratmir. Above the cultivated slopes of the Apothecary Garden is Saint Andrew’s Church, which sits on the spot where Andrew is said to have erected his cross. The baroque church, completed in 1754, was designed by the Italian-born architect Bartolomeo Rastrelli (circa ...
Kreshchatik Square
This view of Kreshchatik (or Khreshchatyk) Square is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kreshchatik Square (later called Duma Square and today known as Independence Square) is located in the city center on Kreshchatik, Kiev’s main thoroughfare. In the center of the picture is the building of the Kiev city Duma (council), which was built in 1876. The statue atop the spire on ...
Kreshchatik, the View from the Merchants' Club
This view of Kreshchatik (or Khreshchatyk) as seen from the Merchants’ Club is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kreshchatik developed as Kiev’s main thoroughfare in the 19th century and became the center of the city’s commercial life as Kiev underwent rapid economic growth during the industrial revolution. The street has an air of prosperity, reflected in the handsome stone buildings, the ...
Railroad Bridge
This view of the railroad bridge across the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The bridge was constructed by Amand Struve (1835–98), the engineer who also built Kiev’s electric tram system and its central sewer system. Finished in 1870, the bridge was the first all-metal bridge across the Dnieper and one of the longest in the empire, spanning nearly ...
Kreshchatik from Bessarabka Square
This view of Kreshchatik (or Khreshchatyk) as seen from Bessarabka Square is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kreshchatik developed as Kiev’s main thoroughfare in the 19th century and became the center of the city’s commercial life as Kiev underwent rapid economic growth during the industrial revolution. Bessarabka Square is located at the southwest end of Kreshchatik, and takes its name from ...
General View of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra
This view of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Kiev-Pechersk Lavra, also called the Monastery of the Kiev Caves (pechera means cave; lavra indicates a monastery of status), is a large complex founded in 1051 by a monk named Anthony in caves dug out of the hillside. The monastery soon became the center of Christianity in Russia and played an important ...
View of the Old City of Kiev
This view of the old city of Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Vladimir Hill, one of the oldest places in Kiev, is part of the public Saint Michael’s Park in front of Saint Michael’s Monastery, laid out after a monument to Prince Vladimir the Great was built there in 1853. The classical Saint Alexander’s Church, built in 1842 ...
Askold's Grave
This view of Askold's Grave is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Askold's Grave is a part of the park complex on the right bank of the Dnieper River. According to a legend, on this very spot in 882 Prince Oleg killed the princes Askold and Dir and, by some reports, usurped the throne of Kievan Rus, the polity of the region ...
Institute for Noble Girls
This view of the Institute for Noble Girls is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The institute was founded in Kiev in 1838 as a boarding school for the daughters of impoverished nobles and later also admitted daughters of honorable citizens and merchants of the first guild. Architect V. Beretti began work that year on a huge building in classical style, which was completed ...
Assumption Cathedral
This view of Assumption Cathedral is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Also known as the Cathedral of the Dormition, Assumption Cathedral is a major building within the large monastery complex of the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra. It was originally built in the 1070s by Prince Sviatoslav Jaroslavovich but was repeatedly destroyed and rebuilt. After a fire in 1718, extensive redesign resulted in the building in ...
Railroad Station
This view of the first railroad station in Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The station was designed in the old English gothic style by architect Vishnevsky and completed in 1870. It serviced two rail lines, the Kiev–Balta and Kursk–Kiev routes, also completed in 1870. The station was located in the valley of the Lybid River (a tributary of the ...
Saint Sophia Cathedral
This view of Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The name of the cathedral comes from the sixth-century Hagia Sophia in Constantinople (present-day Istanbul) and means “Holy Wisdom,” rather than dedication to a particular saint. Designed as “the new Constantinople” to represent Eastern Christianity, Saint Sophia in Kiev was first constructed in the 11th century at the height ...
Nicholas Bridge
This view of the Nicholas Bridge across the Dnieper River is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The bridge was designed and constructed by a British engineer, Charles Vignoles (1793–1875). When it opened in 1853, it was the first permanent bridge over the Dnieper, the earliest multi-span suspension bridge in Europe, and at 692 meters long one of the largest architectural structures of ...
Saint Vladimir's Cathedral
This view of Saint Vladimir’s Cathedral is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The cathedral was built to mark the 900th anniversary of the conversion to Christianity of Kievan Rus by Prince Vladimir (or Volodymyr) Sviatoslavich, later Saint Vladimir the Great. Construction started in 1862 and finished in 1896, when the completion was celebrated in the presence of the Russian royal family. The ...
Well in Memory of the Holy Baptism
This view of the Well in Memory of the Holy Baptism (known today as the Magdeburg Rights Column) is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Prince Vladimir Sviatoslavich (958–1015), or Saint Vladimir the Great, converted to Christianity in 988 and encouraged the baptism of the people in Kievan Rus. It is believed that this site at the foot of Vladimir Hill was the ...
Saint Michael’s Monastery
This view of Saint Michael’s Monastery is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The monastery was founded in the late 11th century and dedicated to the Archangel Michael, who later was adopted as the city’s patron saint. The cathedral of the monastery was originally constructed in the early 12th century, and its domes were probably the first in Kiev to be gilded ...
View of the University
This view of Kiev University of Saint Vladimir (now Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University) is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The university was founded in 1834. Its huge main building, seen in the left background, dates from the mid-19th century and is painted red, with the capitols and bases of columns painted black, the colors of the stripes on the Order of Saint ...
Monument to Bohdan Khmelnytsky
This view of the monument to Bohdan Khmelnytsky is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Bohdan Khmelnytsky (circa 1594–1657), was a Cossack who led a rebellion against the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, leading first to an independent Cossack state and ultimately to union with the Russian Empire. He is generally held to be a national hero and founder of Ukraine, and the monument to ...
The University, Kiev
This view of Kiev University of Saint Vladimir (now Kiev National Taras Shevchenko University) is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The university was founded in 1834. Alexander V. Beretti, professor of architecture at Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts was the architect who designed its main building, completed in 1842. The monumental four-story building in the Russian classical style, with a central portico and ...
The Golden Gates of Kiev
This view of the Golden Gates of Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. Located on the south side of the city, the gates formed one of three entrance gateways to Kiev constructed in the first half of the 11th century by Yaroslav the Wise. They were a considerable achievement in fortifying Kievan Rus. It has been determined that the structure was a ...
Tsar's Palace
This view of the Tsar’s Palace (often called the Mariyinsky Palace) in Kiev is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. The site of the palace was chosen by the Empress Elizabeth in 1744 to serve as the royal residence in the south of the Russian Empire and to echo the grandeur of Versailles. Moscow architect Ivan Michurin constructed the palace from initial designs ...
Saint Andrew's Church, Kiev
This view of Saint Andrew’s Church is from Souvenir of Kiev, an early 20th-century album showing the main sites of Kiev, the capital of Ukraine and at that time one of the most important cities of the Russian Empire. In 1744 the Empress Elizabeth chose the site of the Tsar’s Palace (often called the Mariyinsky Palace) in Kiev for a royal residence in the south of the Russian Empire, and plans were also made for the baroque Saint Andrew’s Church to replace an earlier wooden church. Legend ...